Can any evidence be found in the museums of the world for the historical existence of Moses? Just who was the Egyptian princess who claimed him as her own son? And who was the Pharaoh of the Exodus, and who was his first born son that died in the 10th plague?

First let's look at what we know about Moses from scripture.

Moses died at age 120 (about 1405 B.C.)

Deu 34:7 And Moses was an hundred and twenty years old when he died: his eye was not dim, nor his natural force abated.

After the exodus, Moses and Israel wandered in the wilderness 40 years:

Num 32:13 And the LORD'S anger was kindled against Israel, and he made them wander in the wilderness forty years, until all the generation, that had done evil in the sight of the LORD, was consumed.

So Moses was 80 at the time of the first Passover and exodus from Egypt.

The first Passover and Exodus is dated by the reign of Solomon

1 Ki 6:1 And it came to pass in the four hundred and eightieth year after the children of Israel were come out of the land of Egypt, in the fourth year of Solomon's reign over Israel, in the month Zif, which is the second month, that he began to build the house of the LORD.

With Solomon's 4th year estimated at 967/966 B.C. - 480 years earlier places the Exodus at about 1445 B.C.

Moses spent 40 years in Midian / Madian:

Acts 7:29 Then fled Moses at this saying, and was a stranger in the land of Madian, where he begat two sons.
Acts 7:30 And when forty years were expired, there appeared to him in the wilderness of mount Sina an angel of the Lord in a flame of fire in a bush.

So Moses was 40 years old when he smote the Egyptian (about 1485 B.C.):

Acts 7:23 And when he was full forty years old, it came into his heart to visit his brethren the children of Israel.
Acts 7:24 And seeing one of them suffer wrong, he defended him, and avenged him that was oppressed, and smote the Egyptian:

So Moses was born about 1525 B.C., and the daughter of the reigning Pharaoh (Tutmoses I) who found him in the Nile was princess Nefure, who later became known as Queen Hatshepsut, Pharaoh of Egypt.

Moses Born Moses 40   Moses 80   Moses 120
1525 B.C. 1485 B.C.   1445 B.C.   1405 B.C.
Ex 2:1-10 Acts 7:23-24 Acts 7:29-30 1 Ki 6:1 Num 32:13 Deu 34:7

Found by Pharaoh's daughter

Moses kills
the Egyptian
40 Years spent
in Midian
Pharaoh dies
(Ex 2:23)
Leads Exodus from Egypt 40 Years spent in the wilderness Dies in Moab
Tutmoses I
(had no son's,
only a daughter)
Tutmoses II
Tutmoses III Tutmoses IV
(not first born)
(changes religion)




(the moon is born)
Founder of the 18th dynasty. Defeated the  Hyksos and regained all Egypt. Initiated building work at Karnak  
Amenhotep I
(Ammun is pleased)

Tutmoses I
(born of Thoth)

Son of Amoses. Aaron, brother of Moses is born (about 1533 B.C.)
This is the pharaoh who issued the decree that all the infant sons born to the Israelites were to be thrown into the river Nile, but that infant girls were permitted to live. (Exodus 1:22) Moses born (about 1525 B.C.) and found in the Nile in Memphis (Ex 2:5-9) Moses named by Princess Nefure (Hatchepsut)
(Ex 2:10).

"Senmut" is another Egyptian name given to Moses when he came to live at the palace.

The third king of the 18th Dynasty Tutmoses I was a commoner by birth. He had married Ahmose, a sister of Amenhotep I, and was named king when the king died childless.

Tutmoses I had no sons, but was the father of Nefure (Hatshepsut), the princess who is the most likely candidate for having found Moses in the Nile.

In Serabit El-Khadim there was erected a stele in the 11th year of reign. It bears the image of  Princess Neferure and it is to her, oddly enough, that the regnal years are ascribed. She is accompanied by her steward Senenmut [Moses], bearing a fan.

A.H.Gardiner, T.E.Peet and J.Cerny, The Inscriptions of Sinai, Part II (Oxford, 1955) pp.151-152.

First Pharaoh buried in the Valley of the Kings. Moses was educated in all the wisdom of the Egyptians, and was powerful in speech and action. (Acts 7:22). Moses declines to become Pharaoh when Tutmoses I dies. (Heb 11:24)
Tutmoses II

22 years - Moses
32 Years his successor.

Senmut/Tutmoses II (Moses) is groomed to become pharaoh. He is the architect of Deir El Bahri, the mortuary temple of Hatshepsut. Another name for Moses: Hatshepsut Xnem Amen  (offspring of Hatshepsut by the god Amen).
Princess Nefure
Daughter of Tutmoses I. It is thought she was about age fifteen when her father died.

Hatshepsut married her half-brother, Thutmose II, who had a son, Thutmose III, by a concubine/minor wife (Mutnofret). Co-ruled with Tutmoses III who was only a child when Tutmoses II died. Tutmoses III was the illegitimate son of Tutmoses II (not a son of Hatshepsut).

The last that we hear of Senenmut (Moses) is in year 16 of Hatshepsut's reign.

Moses when 40 years old slays an Egyptian (Ex 2:12) and flees Egypt (Ex 2:15) because pharaoh (Moses replacement) wanted to kill him.

At Deir El Bahri, there is a wall which depicts the birth of the future heir to the throne, one scene shows a baby boy in the arms of Hatshepsut-the infant Moses! Tomb No. 71 at Deir El Bahri was first of two tombs intended for Moses (Senenmut). Tomb No. 353 was the second, but work stopped when he fled Egypt, and the tomb remains unfinished.

In 1488, six years prior to her death, all official records of Hatshepsut ceased.

After Moses leaves for Midian he is replaced by the half brother of Hatshepsut, whom she marries. The half brother takes over the title of Tutmoses II, which used to be Moses' title.
Tutmoses III

Amenhotep II

Pharaoh when Moses
first fled Egypt.

Assumed the position of Pharoah with the demise of Hatshepsut. (Moses was his competitor for the position of pharaoh). Tutmoses III was "The Napoleon of ancient Egypt and captured over 350 cities. Moses in Midian
Hatshepsut's royal wall paintings in her mortuary temple at Deir el Bahri were defaced, and her statues were destroyed, because of the hatred Tutmoses III had for her and Moses. Images of Senmut (Moses) also defaced by Tutmoses III, the childhood rival of Moses.
Amenemhab mentions the month and the day of Tutmoses III death: "The last day of the third month of the second season ... He mounted to heaven, he joined the sun: the divine limbs mingled with him who begat him." According to James Henry Breasted, founder of American Egyptology, this translates to the 17th of March, 1450 BC. Exodus 2:23 states: "During that long period, the king of Egypt died...".
Tutmoses IV

Pharaoh of the Exodus

Pharaoh of the Exodus. He was not a first born son, or else he would have died in the tenth plague too.

He was the second born son of Amenhotep II. The Dream Stela of Thutmose IV, found between the front paws of the Sphinx, indicates he was not the firstborn legal heir to the throne, that he killed his firstborn brother to take the crown. The stele was used to legitimize the murder by claiming it was directed by the Sphinx in a dream.

Thutmose IV/Amenhotep III may have perished with his army while pursuing Moses into the Red Sea. (Ex 14:27-28, Psa 136:15)

Moses returns (Ex 4:19) after 40 years in Midian (Acts 7:30) and leads Israel out of bondage after the first born of Egypt dies at Passover. (Ex. 12)

Destruction of Jericho at about 1407 BC. According to "New Bible Evidence" by Sir Charles Marston, the  scarab and pottery found in Jericho indicate it was destroyed at the time of Amenhotep III.


In an inscription on a statue of a lion dedicated by Tutankhamen to the temple of Soleb, he calls Amenhotep III his father.

First born son of Pharaoh struck dead by the 10th plague of God!
(Ex 12:29)

Supposedly reigned from an age of only 9 until his death at about 18. Dies "mysteriously". Actually was only the heir apparent to the throne (Crowned Prince) that may have co-reigned with his father in his later years.

Tomb found in the Valley of the Kings by Howard Carter in 1922, said to be a "cursed" tomb. His burial looks rushed, and in a tomb generally too small - not designed for a reigning pharaoh's burial.

Akhenaten abruptly abandons the worship of the previous gods of Egypt.

Amenhotep IV changed his name to Akhenaten, symbolizing the change from Amun worship to monotheistic Aten (Sun) worship. (Moses showed the former gods of Egypt to be powerless, hence the change to monotheism)

Shifted his capital from Luxor to a new capital Akhetaten.

His wife was the famous Nefertiti which means 'maiden of joy'.

In a song written by Akhenaten to his god, there are seventeen verses which correspond with Psalm 104.

Statues of the infant Moses (Senmut)
and Princess Nefure (Hatshepsut)

Egyptian Museum, Cairo

from Karnak
Metropolitan Museum of Art, in New York

Egyptologists claim the infant in these statues is princess NEFERU-RA and the adult is Senmut, her vizir, but when she claimed Moses as her son, he became the child heir-apparent to the throne of Egypt. The child wears the serpent on the forehead and lock of hair on the right side of the head that designates a prince of Egypt! It is Moses!

Berlin Museum

The Princess and Moses

As Moses grew to adulthood in Egypt, he assumed the title of Tutmoses II as heir to the throne of Egypt, but when he left Egypt after committing murder, he was replaced, and another man assumed that title. But statues of Moses as an adult apparently do still exist! On the left below is Moses as a child, and on the right is Moses as an adult, as Thutmoses II, prince of Egypt, before he left Egypt for Midian!

Egyptian Museum, Cairo

Statue of TUTMOSIS II (Moses)
Egyptian Museum, Cairo
Note the Semitic nose!

The above information was compiled from many different sources, and this page will likely change to reflect corrections and any new information I come across.

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