The Seal of God and The Mark of the Beast

Some have interpreted the mark of the beast as an actual tattoo of some sort or perhaps a microchip injected into the hand or the forehead. Others think it might be connected to a credit card, national health card or bar code. From a practical standpoint this is a monumental task that would be difficult to accomplish on a world-wide basis. I would like to present an alternate interpretation that you may not have heard before. I will present a logical interpretation of both the seal of God and the mark of the beast that complement each other.


The following are verses that refer to a seal of God.

John 6:27 Labour not for the meat which perisheth, but for that meat which endureth unto everlasting life, which the Son of man shall give unto you: for him hath God the Father sealed.

2 Cor 1:22 Who hath also sealed us, and given the earnest of the Spirit in our hearts.

Eph 1:13 In whom ye also trusted, after that ye heard the word of truth, the gospel of your salvation: in whom also after that ye believed, ye were sealed with that holy Spirit of promise,

Eph 4:30 And grieve not the holy Spirit of God, whereby ye are sealed unto the day of redemption.

Note that the previous verses seem to indicate a figurative seal, not a physical seal. The following verses would seem to be a physical seal of some kind on the forehead.

Rev 7:2 And I saw another angel ascending from the east, having the seal of the living God: and he cried with a loud voice to the four angels, to whom it was given to hurt the earth and the sea,
Rev 7:3 Saying, Hurt not the earth, neither the sea, nor the trees, till we have sealed the servants of our God in their foreheads.

Rev 9:4 And it was commanded them that they should not hurt the grass of the earth, neither any green thing, neither any tree; but only those men which have not the seal of God in their foreheads.

At this point, let's define a seal. The seal of a king contains three things, first the name, second his title or claim to authority, and thirdly, the region of his rule. Henry VIII, King of Britain, Wales and Scotland for example. What is the purpose of a King's seal? The Bible tells us clearly:

Dan 6:15 Then these men assembled unto the king, and said unto the king, Know, O king, that the law of the Medes and Persians is, That no decree nor statute which the king establisheth may be changed.
Dan 6:16 Then the king commanded, and they brought Daniel, and cast him into the den of lions. Now the king spake and said unto Daniel, Thy God whom thou servest continually, he will deliver thee.
Dan 6:17 And a stone was brought, and laid upon the mouth of the den; and the king sealed it with his own signet, and with the signet of his lords; that the purpose might not be changed concerning Daniel.

So the seal of the King is a statement that his decree is not to be changed, not to be changed by anyone.

Rom 4:11 And he received the sign of circumcision, a seal of the righteousness of the faith which he had yet being uncircumcised: that he might be the father of all them that believe, though they be not circumcised; that righteousness might be imputed unto them also:

Note that the sign of circumcision is also a seal of righteousness. A sign and a seal are synonymous.

Isa 8:16 Bind up the testimony, seal the law among my disciples.

What testimony and law does that mean?

Exo 26:34  And thou shalt put the mercy seat upon the ark of the testimony in the most holy place.

Exo 31:18  And he gave unto Moses, when he had made an end of communing with him upon mount Sinai, two tables of testimony, tables of stone, written with the finger of God.

Exo 32:15  And Moses turned, and went down from the mount, and the two tables of the testimony were in his hand: the tables were written on both their sides; on the one side and on the other were they written.

Exo 34:29  And it came to pass, when Moses came down from mount Sinai with the two tables of testimony in Moses' hand, when he came down from the mount, that Moses wist not that the skin of his face shone while he talked with him.

Neh 9:38 And because of all this we make a sure covenant, and write it; and our princes, Levites, and priests, seal unto it.
Neh 10:29 They clave to their brethren, their nobles, and entered into a curse, and into an oath, to walk in God's law, which was given by Moses the servant of God, and to observe and do all the commandments of the LORD our Lord, and his judgments and his statutes;

2 Tim 2:19 Nevertheless the foundation of God standeth sure, having this seal, The Lord knoweth them that are his. And, Let every one that nameth the name of Christ depart from iniquity.

1 John 2:4 He that saith, I know him, and keepeth not his commandments, is a liar, and the truth is not in him.

To depart from iniquity is to keep God's law. The disciples of God, those who know, and are known by God, and call on the name of Christ, are sealed with His law. The seal of God is in His law, so clearly this is a symbolic seal, not a literal one.

Ezek 20:12 Moreover also I gave them my sabbaths, to be a sign between me and them, that they might know that I am the LORD that sanctify them.

Ezek 20:20 And hallow my sabbaths; and they shall be a sign between me and you, that ye may know that I am the LORD your God.

Exo 31:13 Speak thou also unto the children of Israel, saying, Verily my sabbaths ye shall keep: for it is a sign between me and you throughout your generations; that ye may know that I am the LORD that doth sanctify you.

Exo 31:16 Wherefore the children of Israel shall keep the sabbath, to observe the sabbath throughout their generations, for a perpetual covenant.
Exo 31:17 It is a sign between me and the children of Israel for ever: for in six days the LORD made heaven and earth, and on the seventh day he rested, and was refreshed.

So the sabbath is a sign of God, or His seal, representing His authority as Creator. Now look at the 4th Commandment as found in Exodus.

Exo 20:8 Remember the sabbath day, to keep it holy.
Exo 20:9 Six days shalt thou labour, and do all thy work:
Exo 20:10 But the seventh day is the sabbath of the LORD thy God: in it thou shalt not do any work, thou, nor thy son, nor thy daughter, thy manservant, nor thy maidservant, nor thy cattle, nor thy stranger that is within thy gates:
Exo 20:11 For in six days the LORD made heaven and earth, the sea, and all that in them is, and rested the seventh day: wherefore the LORD blessed the sabbath day, and hallowed it.

A seal typically contains three elements, the name, title, and domain of the authority.

Notice that we can find the seal of God in verse 11.
The name given: the Lord (Jehovah).
His title: Creator.
His domain: heaven and earth to include all inhabitants.

As a contemporary historical example, in the Louvre museum in Paris there is a clay tablet letter that dates to 1250-1220 B.C., from Tudhaliya IV, king of the Hittites, to his vassal, the king of Ugarit. The tablet bears the seal of the Hittite king in its center, which is inscribed around its edge "Seal of Tabarna Tudhaliya [name], Great King [title], king of Hatti [domain]" to attest to its authenticity. The seal of the king made the document official.


    There is, moreover, the comparative evidence of the extra biblical treaties. Covenants, such as Exodus 20:2-17 has been shown to be, are found written in their entirety on one table and indeed, like the Sinaitic tables, on both its sides.13 As a further detail in the parallelism of external appearance it is tempting to see in the sabbath sign presented in the midst of the ten words the equivalent of the suzerain's dynastic seal found in the midst of the obverse of the international treaty documents.14 Since in the case of the decalogue, the suzerain [pg. 139] is Yahweh, there will be no representation of him on his seal. But the sabbath is declared his "sign of the covenant" (Exod. 31:13-17). By means of the sabbath, God's image-bearer [Gen 1:26-27], as a pledge of covenant consecration, images the pattern of the divine act of creation which proclaims God's absolute sovereignty over man. God has stamped on world history the sign of the sabbath as his seal of ownership and authority. That is precisely what the pictures on the dynastic seals symbolize and their captions claim in behalf of the treaty gods and their representative, the suzerain.

13 Cf., e. g., Wiseman, op. cit., plates I and IX.
14 The closing paragraph of the Egyptian text of the parity treaty of Hattusilis III and Ramses II is a description of the seal, called "What is in the middle of the tablet of silver" (Ancient Near Eastern Texts, p.201). For the Mitannian practice of placing the seal on the reverse, cf. D. J. Wiseman, The Alalakh Tablets, London, 1953, plates VII and VIII, texts 13 and 14.

Source: THE TWO TABLES OF THE COVENANT, by Meredith G. Kline, Westminster Theological Journal 22, (1960), pgs. 138-139, Copyright © 1960 by Westminster Theological Seminary.

The illustration below shows an ancient Hittite cuneiform tablet with an official's seal stamped at the center of the document to attest to its authority and authenticity. In a similar manner, the Sabbath commandment is the center of the text of God's 10 commandments.

Hittite cuneiform tablet from Bogazköy

Exo 20:2 I am the LORD thy God, which have brought thee out of the land of Egypt, out of the house of bondage.
Exo 20:3 Thou shalt have no other gods before me.
Exo 20:4 Thou shalt not make unto thee any graven image, or any likeness of any thing that is in heaven above, or that is in the earth beneath, or that is in the water under the earth:
Exo 20:5 Thou shalt not bow down thyself to them, nor serve them: for I the LORD thy God am a jealous God, visiting the iniquity of the fathers upon the children unto the third and fourth generation of them that hate me;
Exo 20:6 And showing mercy unto thousands of them that love me, and keep my commandments.
Exo 20:7 Thou shalt not take the name of the LORD thy God in vain; for the LORD will not hold him guiltless that taketh his name in vain.
Exo 20:8 Remember the sabbath day, to keep it holy.
Exo 20:9 Six days shalt thou labour, and do all thy work:
Exo 20:10 But the seventh day is the sabbath of the LORD thy God: in it thou shalt not do any work, thou, nor thy son, nor thy daughter, thy manservant, nor thy maidservant, nor thy cattle, nor thy stranger that is within thy gates:
Exo 20:11 For in six days the LORD made heaven and earth, the sea, and all that in them is, and rested the seventh day: wherefore the LORD blessed the sabbath day, and hallowed it.
Exo 20:12 Honour thy father and thy mother: that thy days may be long upon the land which the LORD thy God giveth thee.
Exo 20:13 Thou shalt not kill.
Exo 20:14 Thou shalt not commit adultery.
Exo 20:15 Thou shalt not steal.
Exo 20:16 Thou shalt not bear false witness against thy neighbour.
Exo 20:17 Thou shalt not covet thy neighbour's house, thou shalt not covet thy neighbour's wife, nor his manservant, nor his maidservant, nor his ox, nor his ass, nor any thing that is thy neighbour's.

So the fourth commandment (3rd by Catholic count) declares the seventh day (Saturday) to be the Sabbath. To attest to the validity of this declaration, the seal of God has been affixed to this commandment. The intent of this seal is to establish the authority of God and that no man can change His Law. The seal of God is not a literal seal. It is affixed to, and obtained by, those who worship the one true God on the day he specified in His Law. Those who worship on the Saturday Sabbath and believe it to be a continuing testament to the Creator, have the seal of God on the forehead (they know the truth and follow the Law of God).

Note this remarkable assertion from, believe it or not, the Roman Catholic Church:

27.  ... human existence is endowed with a certain rhythm. As well as the rhythm of day and night, lunar months and solar years (Gn 1:14-18), God establishes a weekly rhythm with rest on the seventh day, the basis of the sabbath (Gn 2:1-3). When they keep the sabbath observance (Ex 20:8-11), the masters of the earth render homage to their Creator.

Source: The Pontifical Biblical Commission, May 24, 2001, THE JEWISH PEOPLE AND THEIR SACRED SCRIPTURES IN THE CHRISTIAN BIBLE, 2. The Human Person: Greatness and Wretchedness, a) In the Old Testament, #27.

This raises the question, who do you render homage to, when it is not the seventh day Saturday Sabbath you keep, but Sunday, the first day?


Now here are verses that refer to the mark of the beast:

Rev 13:16 And he causeth all, both small and great, rich and poor, free and bond, to receive a mark in their right hand, or in their foreheads:

Rev 13:17 And that no man might buy or sell, save he that had the mark, or the name of the beast, or the number of his name.

Rev 14:9 And the third angel followed them, saying with a loud voice, If any man WORSHIP THE BEAST and his image, and receive his mark in his forehead, or in his hand,
Rev 14:10 The same shall drink of the wine of the wrath of God, which is poured out without mixture into the cup of his indignation; and he shall be tormented with fire and brimstone in the presence of the holy angels, and in the presence of the Lamb:
Rev 14:11 And the smoke of their torment ascendeth up for ever and ever: and they have no rest day nor night, who WORSHIP THE BEAST and his image, and whosoever receiveth the mark of his name.
Rev 14:12 Here is the patience of the saints: here are they that keep the commandments of God, and the faith of Jesus.

Rev 15:2 And I saw as it were a sea of glass mingled with fire and them that had gotten the victory over the beast, and over his image, and over his mark, and over the number of his name, stand on the sea of glass, having the harps of God.

Rev 16:2 And the first went, and poured out his vial upon the earth; and there fell a noisome and grievous sore upon the men which had the mark of the beast, and upon them which WORSHIPPED his image.

Rev 19:20 And the beast was taken, and with him the false prophet that wrought miracles before him, with which he deceived them that had received the mark of the beast, and them that WORSHIPPED his image. These both were cast alive into a lake of fire burning with brimstone.

Rev 20:4 And I saw thrones, and they sat upon them, and judgment was given unto them: and I saw the souls of them that were beheaded for the witness of Jesus, and for the word of God, and which had not WORSHIPPED THE BEAST, neither his image, neither had received his mark upon their foreheads, or in their hands; and they lived and reigned with Christ a thousand years.

Notice how many times worship is mentioned in connection with the mark of the beast.

Since the seal of God has been shown not to be a literal seal, why should the mark of the beast be a literal mark? Since those who worship on the Saturday Sabbath have the seal of God, what is a likely mark for the beast? It looks like worship is a factor.

First you must know who the beast is. As I have shown elsewhere, the beast is the Papacy and Catholic Church, identified in one instance by the number 666, which equates to the papal title of VICARIUS FILII DEI, when you add up the Roman Numeral values for the letters. It means the Vicar of the Son of God or Vicar of Christ. Vicar and anti mean the same thing, a substitute for, so Vicar of Christ and Antichrist mean exactly the same thing. The reformation was based on the identification of Roman Catholicism as the beast, and the Pope as the Antichrist, but this is something that has been forgotten or overlooked by Protestantism today.

Now look at Revelation 14:9-12 again. Note how the saints of God are described in contrast to those with the mark of the beast. The saints keep the commandments of God, and so they do not receive the mark of the beast!

In Daniel 7:25, one of identifying characteristics of the Antichrist "little horn" power is that it would think to change times and laws of the most high God. Now note the following quotes on the change the Sabbath commandment (from Saturday to Sunday) from Catholic sources. Many of these Catholic sources attribute the change to Sundaykeeping to the Church, Christ's Apostles, though this is not taught anywhere in the New Testament.

Pope Declares the Sabbath Should Not Be Celebrated:

"If every Lord's day is to be observed joyfully by the Christians on account of the resurrection, then every Sabbath on account of the burial is detestably Jewish. In fact all the disciples of the Lord lamented on the Sabbath, bewailing the buried Lord, and the Jews exulted. But sadness reigned for the fasting apostles. In like manner we are sad, saddened by the burial of the Lord, and rejoice with them in the Lord’s resurrection. Neither in fact is it proper to feast [on the Sabbath] as the Jewish custom observed by the Jews."

Ex quorum numero beatissimus papa Silvester, magni Constantini Augusti spiritualis pater, inter alia dixit :  < Si omnis Dominicus dies resurrectionis gratia est colendus in gaudio Christianorum : omnis ergo sabbati dies sepulturae deputandus est in exsecratione Judaerorum. Omnis enim discipuli Domini Sabbato fletum habuerunt, sepultum Dominum suspirantes, et Judaeis exulantibus laetitia inerat. Apostolis autem jejunantibus tristitia imperabat. Tristemur itaque cum tristantibus de sepultura Domini, si volumus cum iisdem de Domini resurrectione gaudere. Neque enim fas est destructiones ciborum et caerimonias Judaeorum more Judaico observemus. >

Source: Cardinal Humbert quoting Pope Sylvester I (A.D. 314-335) regarding the Sabbath: Humbertus Silvae Candidae Episcopus (11th century French Cardinal Humbert of Silva Candida, 1010-1061 A.D.), Adversus Graecorum Calumnias (“Against the Slanders of the Greeks”), Patrologia Cursus Completus, 1853, Migne J. P., Volume 143, column 937.

Sunday, an apostolic Tradition, replaces the sabbath:

2175     Sunday is expressly distinguished from the sabbath which it follows chronologically every week; for Christians its ceremonial observance replaces that of the sabbath. In Christ's Passover, Sunday fulfills the spiritual truth of the Jewish sabbath and announces man's eternal rest in God. For worship under the Law prepared for the mystery of Christ, and what was done there prefigured some aspects of Christ:107 Those who lived according to the old order of things have come to a new hope, no longer keeping the sabbath, but the Lord's Day, in which our life is blessed by him and by his death.108
2177    The Sunday celebration of the Lord's Day and his Eucharist is at the heart of the Church's life. "Sunday is the day on which the paschal mystery is celebrated in light of the apostolic tradition and is to be observed as the foremost holy day of obligation in the universal Church."110

Source: Catechism of the Catholic Church, published by Liguori Publications, English translation copyright 1994 by the United States Catholic Conference, Inc.--Libreria Editrice Vaticana, bearing the Imprimi Potest of Joseph Cardinal Ratzinger, page 524.

The Church Transferred Sabbath Observance to Keeping Sunday Holy as the Lord's Day:

  The Church, on the other hand, after changing the day of rest from the Jewish Sabbath, or seventh day of the week, to the first, made the Third Commandment refer to Sunday as the day to be kept holy as the Lord's Day. The Council of Trent (Sess. VI, can. xix) condemns those who deny that the Ten Commandments are binding on Christians.

Source: The Catholic Encyclopedia, Commandments of God, Volume IV, © 1908 by Robert Appleton Company, Online Edition © 1999 by Kevin Knight, Nihil Obstat - Remy Lafort, Censor Imprimatur - +John M. Farley, Archbishop of New York, page 153.

[pg. 265] The Apostles therefore resolved to consecrate the first day of the week to the divine worship, and called it the Lord's day. St. John in the Apocalypse makes mention of the Lord's day; and the Apostle commands collections to be made on the first day of the week, that is, according to the interpretation of St. Chrysostom, on the Lord's day. From all this we learn that even then the Lord's day was kept holy in the Church.

[pg. 267] Besides the Sabbath, the Jews observed other festivals which were instituted by the divine law, and the end and aim of which was to awaken in the people the recollection of the principal favours conferred on them by the Almighty. On these festivals the pastor will see Leviticus, (28) Numbers, (29) and Deuteronomy; (30) and on the moral objects contemplated in the institution of such festivals, he may also consult S. Cyril, (31) and S. Thomas. (32)
   But the Church of God has in her wisdom ordained that the celebration of the Sabbath should be transferred to "the Lord's day:" as on that day light first shone on the world, so by the resurrection of our Lord on the same day, by whom was thrown open to us the gate to eternal life, we were called out of darkness into light; and hence the Apostle would have it called "the Lord's day." We also learn from the sacred Volume that the first day of the week was held sacred for other reasons: on that day the work of the creation commenced, and on that day the Holy Ghost descended upon the Apostles.

Source: The Catechism of the Council of Trent, Issued by order of Pope Pius V, The Third Commandment.

The Church Sanctifies Sunday, Not the Sabbath day.

What is the third Commandment of God?

Remember that thou sanctify, & keep holy the Sabbath day. In Moses law the people were commanded to sanctify & keep holy the Sabbath day, which day we call Saturday, or the seventh day. For after that almighty God had created all kind of creatures in six days, the seventh day he rested or ceased to create any new creature. But in the law of grace we do not sanctify or keep holy the seventh day, called the Saturday: but we sanctify or keep holy the day following, called the Sunday or our Lord's day: in the which day christ our Lord arose from death, making mankind (that was created earthly) a heavenly creation, in the day of his resurrection. This precept of sanctifying or keeping holy the Sunday, or our Lord's day, does contain under it, all feasts & holy days instituted & commanded by the Church. ...

Source: A Catechisme or Christian Doctrine, by Laurence Vaux, B.D., reprinted from a 1583 edition by The Chetham Society in 1885, Manchester England, (updated to modern spelling for this excerpt) pages 34, 35. Text of A Catechisme or Christian Doctrine online.

The Apostles changed to keeping the Lord's day.

The Third Commandment Expounded.

    Q. WHAT is the third commandment?
    A. Remember that thou keepest holy the sabbath day.
    Q. When did the Sabbath begin to be kept?
    A. From the very creation of the world; for then God blessed the seventh day, and rested on it from all His works. Gen. ii. 2.
    Q. When was this commandment renewed?

[pg. 58]

    A. In the Old Law; when God gave the commandments to Moses on mount Sinai, written with his own finger in two tables of stone, Exod. xx. 1, &c. xxxi. 18.
    Q. Why was the Jewish Sabbath changed into the Sunday?
    A. Because Christ was born upon a Sunday, arose from the dead upon a Sunday, and sent down the Holy Ghost on a Sunday: works not inferior to the creation of the world.
    Q. By whom was it changed?
    A. By the Governors of the Church, the Apostles, who also kept it; for St. John was in spirit on the Lord’s day (which was Sunday.) Apoc. i. 10.
    Q. How prove you that the Church hath power to command feasts and holydays?
    A. By the very act of changing the sabbath into Sunday, which Protestants allow of; and therefore they fondly contradict themselves, by keeping Sunday strictly, and breaking most other feasts commanded by the same Church.
    Q. How prove you that?
    A. Because by keeping Sunday, they acknowledge the Church's power to ordain feasts, and to command them under sin; and by not keeping the rest by her commanded, they again deny, in fact, the same power.

Source: The Douay Catechism (An Abridgment of the Christian Doctrine) of 1649, by Henry Tuberville, D.D., published by P. J. Kenedy, Excelsior Catholic Publishing House, 5 Barclay Street, New York, approved and recommended for his diocese by the Right Rev. Benedict, Bishop of Boston, April 24th, 1833, pages 57, 58. Text of The Douay Catechism online.

Creation Week Points To Sundaykeeping?:

[p. 66]
    Q. What must we conclude from the work of the six days [of creation]?
    A. We must conclude: 1st. That God is truly powerful, truly wise and truly good. 2nd. That man is truly a great being, since all the inferior creatures were made only in reference to him, and that even the angels labor continually for him. 3d. That we ought to love God, use all things for his glory and to have a great respect for ourselves. 4th. That we ought to observe Sunday with great fidelity.

Sunday, the Christian Sabbath?:

[p. 195]
    Q. What is the third commandment?
    A. Remember to keep holy the Sabbath day.
    Q. To what does the third commandment oblige us?
    A. The third commandment obliges us to render to God an external worship, as the first obliges us to render to him an interior worship. Our body and our soul being both the work of God, they must both [p. 196] render honor to their Creator, each in the manner suited to it.
    Q. Why had God chosen one day in seven for us to render him our homage?
    A. 1st, to establish order and unity in our worship; 2nd, to remind us of the obligation to worship him; 3d, to preserve exterior worship. Among Christians this day is Sunday.
    Q. Why Sunday?
    A. For very wise reasons; 1st, to show that all the Jewish ceremonies are abolished; 2d, to honor the greatest mysteries of religion; for the Sunday corresponds to the first day of the world, to the day of the resurrection of our Lord, and to the day of the descent of the Holy Ghost on the apostles.
    Q. What does the third commandment forbid?
    A. It forbids whatever prevents us from sanctifying this day, consecrated to the Lord; that is, all those works which are called servile, which require labor of body rather than of mind, such as cultivating the earth, exercising a trade, &c.

Apostles Consecrated and Celebrated Sunday?:

[p. 348]
    Q. Which is the first festival of the church?
    A. The first festival of the church is Sunday. Among all nations there is a day consecrated to the service of God. The Apostles consecrated Sunday to the worship of God, in memory of the resurrection of [p. 349] our Lord; so that the Sunday stands a perpetual monument of this great miracle.
    Q. How did the first Christians celebrate the Sunday?
    A. The first Christians celebrated the Sunday with great fervor; they assembled to pray in common, heard the reading of the sacred Scriptures, and the exhortations of the bishops, all approached to the holy table, and relieved the poor, each according to his means.

Source: Catechism of Perseverance, translated from the French of Abbe Gaume by Rev. F. B. Jamison, Fiftieth Edition, 1850, revised and enlarged, with the approbation of the Most Rev. Archbishop of Baltimore, Published by Thomas B. Noonan & Co, 17, 19, and 21 Boylston Street, Boston, pages 66, 195-196, 348-349.

Catholic Tradition and Authority Command Sundaykeeping:

[p. 202]
   Q. What are the days which the Church commands to be kept holy?
   A. 1st, The Sunday, or the Lord’s day, which we observe by apostolical tradition, instead of the Sabbath. …
   Q. What warrant have you for keeping the Sunday, preferably to the ancient Sabbath, which was the Saturday?
   A. We have for it the authority of the Catholic Church, and apostolical tradition.
   Q. Does the scripture any where command the Sunday to be kept for the Sabbath?
   A. The scripture commands us to hear the Church, St. Matt. xviii. 17. St. Luke x. 16, and to hold fast the traditions of the Apostles, 2 Thess. ii. 15, but the scripture does not in particular mention this change of the Sabbath. St. John speaks of the Lord's day, Rev. i. 10; but he does not tell us what day of the week this was, much less does he tell us that this day was to take the place of the Sabbath ordained in the commandments: St. Luke also speaks of the disciples meeting together to break bread on the first day of the week, Acts xx. 7. And St. Paul, I Cor. xvi 2, orders that on the first day of the week the Corinthians should lay by in store what they designed to bestow in charity on the faithful in Judea: but neither the one nor the other tells us, that this first day of

[p. 203]
the week was to be henceforward the day of worship, and the Christian Sabbath; so that truly, the best authority we have for this is the testimony and ordinance of the Church. And therefore, those who pretend to be so religious of the Sunday, whilst they take no notice of other festivals ordained by the same Church authority, show that they act by humor, and not by reason and religion; since Sundays and holydays all stand upon the same foundation, viz, the ordinance of the Church. ...

[p. 204]
   Q. What was the reason why the weekly Sabbath was changed from the Saturday to the Sunday?
   A. Because our Lord fully accomplished the work of our redemption by rising from the dead on a Sunday, and by sending down the Holy Ghost on a Sunday: as therefore the work of our redemption was a greater work than that of our creation, the primitive Church thought the day, in which this work was completely finished, was more worthy [of] her religious observation than that in which God rested from the creation, and should be properly called the Lord’s day.
    Q. But has the Church a power to make any alterations in the commandments of God?
    A. The commandments of God, as far as they contain his eternal law, are unalterable and indispensable; but as to whatever was only ceremonial, they cease to oblige, since the Mosaic law was abrogated by Christ's death. Hence, as far as the commandment obliges us to set aside some part of our time for the worship and service of our Creator, it is an unalterable and unchangeable precept of the eternal law, in which the Church cannot dispense: but for as much as it prescribes the seventh day in particular for this purpose, it is no more than a ceremonial precept of the old law, which obligeth not Christians. And therefore, instead of the seventh day, and other festivals appointed in the old law, the Church has prescribed the Sundays and holydays to be set apart for God's worship; and these we are now obliged to keep in consequence of God's commandment, instead of the ancient Sabbath.

Source: The Catholic Christian Instructed in the Sacraments, Sacrifice, Ceremonies, and Observances of the Church, by the Right Rev. Dr. Richard Challoner, published in Baltimore in 1852 by John Murphy & Co., pp. 202 - 204.

A Question for Bible-Only Protestants:

What day of the week is the Seventh or Sabbath day? It is Saturday. Then why do we not keep Saturday holy? Because the Church, in the Apostles' time, transferred the obligation from the Seventh to the First day of the week. ... Protestants profess to learn the whole of their Religion from the Bible; but where does the Bible tell them that the obligation of the Sabbath is transferred from the Seventh to the First day of the week?

Source: A Full Course Of Instructions For The Use Of Catechists; Being An Explanation Of The Catechism; Entitled "An Abridgment Of Christian Doctrine" by the Rev. John Perry, Approbation of the Most Rev. John Hughes; D. D., Archbishop of New York, published in New York in 1860 by D. & J. Sadlier & Co., 164 William-St., Boston 128 Federal Street, Montreal Corner Notre Dame and St. Francis Xavier Sts., pg. 189.

No Scriptural Authority for the change to Sunday:

[pg. 174]

    Q. Have you any other way of proving that the Church has power to institute festivals of precept?
    A. Had she not such power, she could not have done that in which all modern religionists agree with her;—she could not have substituted the observance of Sunday the first day of the week, for the observance of Saturday the seventh day, a change for which there is no Scriptural authority.

[pg. 181]

    Q. In what manner can we show a Protestant, that he speaks unreasonably against fasts and abstinences?
    A. Ask him why he keeps Sunday, and not Saturday, as his day of rest, since he is unwilling either to fast or to abstain. If he reply, that the Scripture orders him to keep the Sunday, but says nothing as to fasting and abstinence, tell him the Scripture speaks of Saturday or the Sabbath, but gives no command anywhere regarding Sunday or the first day of the week. If, then, he neglects Saturday as a day of rest and holiness, and substitutes Sunday in its place, and this merely because such was the usage of the ancient Church, should he not, if he wishes to act consistently, observe fasting and abstinence, because the ancient Church so ordained?

Source: A Doctrinal Catechism by Stephen Keenan, Imprimatur by John Cardinal McCloskey, Archbishop of New York, Third American Edition, Published by P. J. Kenedy and Sons, New York, Copyright 1876 by T. W. Strong, pages 174, 181. Text of A Doctrinal Catechism online.

The Church chose Sunday

    The most unique of all days of public worship among any people, was the Jewish Sabbath, for it was God Himself Who directly intervened to approve every seventh day as the day to be specially dedicated to His Service.5

[p. 2]

    Some theologians have held that God likewise directly determined the Sunday as the day of worship in the New Law, that He Himself has explicitly substituted the Sunday for the Sabbath. But this theory is now entirely abandoned.6 It is now commonly held that God simply gave His Church the power to set aside whatever day or days, she would deem suitable as Holy Days. The Church chose Sunday, the first day of the week, and in the course of time added other days, as holy days.

Source: Forbidden Sunday and Feast-Day Occupations, An Historical Synopsis And Theological Commentary, A Dissertation, by the Rev. Vincent J. Kelly, C.SS.R. S.T.L., Catholic University of America Press, Washington, D. C., Studies in Sacred Theology, No. 70., 1943, pages 1, 2.

Protestants contradict their "Bible Only" theory by keeping the Sunday:

   Is it true that the Catholic Church substituted the observance of Sunday for the observance of the Bible Sabbath?—and is it true that so-called Protestants contradict themselves weekly by trampling underfoot the Bible seventh day Sabbath, and accept the Catholic Sunday, all the while rejecting the other festivals of the Church? And is it true, as is stated in Keenan's Doctrinal Catechism, p. 174, that the Catholic Church holds this very act as the mark of her power in religious matters?
   It is true that Protestants contradict their "Bible Only" theory by keeping the Sunday instead of Saturday, because nowhere in the Bible can a clear text be found to show that Christ changed the day of worship from Saturday to Sunday. From tradition only, which Protestants claim to reject, can Sunday observance be justified. It is not true that the Catholic Church parades the world wide Christian custom as a sign of her power in religious matters, but she refers to it as an instance of Protestant inconsistency. Saturday was the Sabbath day and observed as such even by Christ. Only after His return to Heaven did the Apostles, (in other words the Church), substitute Sunday for Saturday, for several reasons; among them, (1) because Christ rose from the dead on Sunday; (2) because the Holy Holy Ghost descended on the apostles on Sunday, and (3) because emphasis must be laid on the fact that the old dispensation had come to an end, and a new era, with a new religion inaugurated. The first converts to the Christian faith were Jews, who, even after their conversion, wanted to comply with their traditional Mosaic Law. The best way was to wean them away from this was to change the very day, on which, as members of the Hebrew Church, they had been accustomed to worship God.

Source: Our Sunday Visitor, of Huntington Indiana, October 26, 1913, Bureau of Information, page 3.

Sundaykeeping Nothing But Catholic Tradition:

    Q. Must not a sensible Protestant doubt seriously, when he finds that even the Bible is not followed as a rule by his co-religionists?
    A. Surely, when he sees them baptize infants, abrogate the Jewish Sabbath, and observe Sunday for which [pg. 7] there is no Scriptural authority; when he finds them neglect to wash one another's feet, which is expressly commanded, and eat blood and things strangled, which are expressly prohibited in Scripture. He must doubt, if he think at all. ...

    Q. Should not the Protestant doubt when he finds that he himself holds tradition as a guide?
    A. Yes, if he would but reflect that he has nothing but Catholic Tradition for keeping the Sunday holy; ...

Source: Controversial Catechism by Stephen Keenan, New Edition, revised by Rev. George Cormack, published in London by Burns & Oates, Limited - New York, Cincinnati, Chicago: Benzinger Brothers, 1896, pages 6, 7.

Sunday rests upon Tradition:

   There were many good reasons for the change. In no stronger way could the difference between Christians and Jews be emphasized than in putting aside the Jewish days and seasons of religious worship, and establishing new days and festivals according to the liberty of the Gospel. The first day of the week was kept holy by the Apostles because on this day Christ arose from the dead, and also because on this day the Holy Ghost descended upon the Apostles.
   The observance of Sunday rests upon Tradition rather than upon Scriptures, which are not explicit on this point; but the uniform custom of observing Sunday is so manifestly of Apostolical origin that nearly all the Protestant sects have accommodated themselves to this universal custom of Christendom.

Source: Our Sunday Visitor, of Huntington Indiana, May 16, 1915, Bureau of Information, page 3.

   Catholic Tradition, not the Bible, teaches a change to Sundaykeeping:

What are the passages in the Bible referring to the change of the day of worship from Saturday to Sunday?
  There are no such direct passages. The change, however, was made as we know from the earliest Christian writings after the Bible. It is necessary to accept not only the Bible, but Christian tradition also, that is, the teachings and practices which the Church has held sacred in all times and all places.

Source: Our Sunday Visitor, of Huntington Indiana, Nov. 19, 1916, Bureau of Information, page 3.

The Bible Teaches only the keeping of the Saturday Sabbath:

If we would consult the Bible only, without Tradition, we ought, for instance, still to keep holy the Saturday with the Jews, instead of Sunday ...

Source: Deharbe's Catechism, translated by Rev. John Fander, published by Schwartz, Kirwin & Fauss, 53 Park Place, New York, Sixth American Edition, Copyright 1912, 1919, 1924, page 81.

Sundaykeeping Has Same Biblical Standing as Purgatory:

Some non-Catholics object to Purgatory because there is no specific mention of it in Scripture. There is no specific mention of the word Sunday in Scripture. The Sabbath is mentioned, but Sabbath means Saturday. Yet Christians of almost all denominations worship on Sunday, not Saturday. The Jews observe Saturday. Nowhere in the Bible is it stated that worship should be changed from Saturday to Sunday. The fact is that the Church was in existence for several centuries before the Bible was given to the world. The Church made the Bible, the Bible did not make the Church.
    Now the Church which gave us the Bible, instituted, by God's authority, Sunday as the day of worship. This same Church, by the same divine authority, taught the doctrine of Purgatory long before the Bible was made. We have, therefore, the same authority for Purgatory as we have for Sunday.

Source: Things Catholics Are Asked About, Martin J. Scott, S.J., Litt.D., p. 136, Copyright 1927 by P. J. Kenedy & Sons, New York. 

Protestant Has No Warrant For Observing Sunday:

By what authority did the church change the observance of the Sabbath from Saturday to Sunday?

The Church changed the observance of the Sabbath to Sunday by right of the divine infallible authority given to her by her Founder, Jesus Christ. The Protestant, claiming the Bible to be the only guide of faith, has no warrant for observing Sunday. In this matter the Seventh Day Adventist is the only consistent Protestant. Sunday as the day of rest to honor our Lord's resurrection dates to Apostolic times and was established among other reasons, to mark off the Jew from the Christian. St. Justin the Martyr, speaks of it in his Apologies.

Source:  The Catholic Universe Bulletin, Official Newspaper of the Cleveland Diocese, August 14th, 1942, The Question Box.

Sundaykeeping Revealed Outside the Bible:

All of us believe many things in regard to religion that we do not find in the Bible. For example, nowhere in the Bible do we find that Christ or the Apostles ordered that the Sabbath be changed from Saturday to Sunday. We have the commandment of God given to Moses to keep holy the Sabbath Day, that is the 7th day of the week, Saturday. Today most Christians keep Sunday because it has been revealed to us by the Church outside the Bible.

Source: The Catholic Virginian, "To Tell You The Truth,”  Vol. 22, No. 49 (Oct. 3, 1947).

Sunday in Place of Sabbath.

The Seventh Day Adventists say that the Apostles had no right nor power to change the Sabbath into the Sunday. Christ, they say, came to fulfill the Law of God, and not one iota has been broken. They maintain that the resurrection of Christ on a Sunday, and the descent of the Holy Ghost on a Sunday are no reason to change the Law. - PROVIDENCE, R. I.

The Apostles did not change the Sabbath into the Sunday; they remain distinct days of the week. But what the Apostles and their successors did was to transfer the obligations attaching to the Sabbath, divine worship and cessation from servile work, to the Sunday. This was done gradually. It was not until about the second century of the Christian era that the observance of the Sunday in place of the Sabbath became universal. Saint Thomas Aquinas teaches the observance of Sunday in the New Law succeeds to the observance of the Sabbath in the Old Law, not by virtue of a divine precept, but from the authority of the Church and the custom of Christians. The introduction of this change by the Church must have had the sanction of Christ, Who is the Lord of the Sabbath, and Who promised to be "with" the Church even to the consummation of the world.

The Seventh Day Adventist tenet is an instance of individualism and private judgment against the custom of the whole Christian Church (though it is logical for those who maintain the "Bible and the Bible only" theory). They insist that divine worship and bodily rest must be observed on the seventh day of the week instead of the first. In this they agree with the Jews. In the Old Law the Sabbath was a figure of things to come, while in the New Law the Sunday is a symbol of the accomplishment of the prophecies in the Redeemer. By continuing the Sabbath observance, the Adventists, though they call themselves Christians, not only associate themselves with the Jews, who are still hoping for the Redeemer, but they also contradict the practice of the whole Christian Church. Is it not presumptuous for them to decide what the Apostles could not do? The Apostles were given the power to bind and loose, and their decisions were ratified in heaven (Matt. 18:18).

The sanctification of one day in the week is of divine law, but the determination of the day in the New Law was left to the authority of the Church. Since the ceremonial and judicial precepts of the Old Law were abolished by the New Law, the Church determined that the first day of the week was to be devoted to divine worship and bodily rest, in order to distinguish the true religion from the Mosaic, which was supplanted by Christianity.

Source: The Sign, Volume 21, No. 1, The Sign-Post, August 1941, Edited by the Rev. Theophane Maguire, C.P., a publication for the instruction of Catholics, published in Union City, New Jersey, pages 47- 48.

Sundaykeeping A Mark:

"Distinctive of the Roman Catholic Church, Sunday Mass observance became a mark of a practicing Catholic."

Source: Dictionary of the Liturgy, Rev. Jovian P. Lang, OFM., Catholic Book Publishing Co., 1989, ISBN 0-89942-273-X, page 604.

[pg. 397] The attendance at [Sunday] Mass is the mark of a practical Catholic. One who fails to attend is not worthy of the name. While all mortal sins involve great malice, there is attached to this sin a peculiar and unique malice. Other sins like anger or lust are usually the result of great passion which clouds the reason and shakes the will. But missing [Sunday] Mass is done in cold blood — calmly, deliberately, willfully. [pg. 398] ... It is one of the surest ways of losing one's religion and dying in mortal sin. ... [pg. 401] ... Destroy the sanctity of the Sunday and you throw civilization back into the darkness and mire of pagan materialism. You turn back the hands on the clock of progress. [pg. 403] ... Conscious of her divinely appointed mission to speak as the voice of God to all mankind, she [the Catholic Church] commands the worship of God and demands the attendance at Sunday Mass of every Catholic worthy of the name.

Source: The Faith of Millions, by the Reverend John A. O'Brien, PH.D., Copyright 1938, published by Our Sunday Visitor, Huntington Indiana, pages 397-398, 401, 403.

Catholic Church Decrees Work on the Sabbath and Rest on Sunday:

[pg. 113]
During the first centuries of Christianity there were many Christians who continued to celebrate the Sabbath as well as the Sunday. The Bishops tried for a long time in vain to suppress this Sabbath celebration. The Council of Laodicea finally issued a decree, in the year 364, that Christians should work on the Jewish Sabbath, but that they must abstain from work on Sunday, this being the real day of the Lord.

[pg. 116]
    4. In the Old Law which day of the week was the Sabbath day? It was the seventh day, our present Saturday.
    5. Which day is the Sabbath of the Catholic? Our Sabbath is the Sunday.
    6. But if God in the Old Law commanded the seventh day to be kept holy, who ordained that the first day of the week should be celebrated? The apostles ordained the first day to be celebrated.

Source: Teacher's Handbook to the Catechism, Volume II. - The Commandments, by Rev. A. Urban, Copyright 1903, by Joseph P. Wagner, New York, bearing the Nihil Obstat and Imprimatur of the Catholic Church, pp. 113, 116.

No Biblical Authorization for Sunday Sanctification:

In the Faith of Our Fathers, originally published in 1876, the late Cardinal Gibbons of Baltimore wrote:

"... is not every Christian obliged to sanctify Sunday and to abstain on that day from unnecessary servile work? Is not the observance of this law among the most prominent of our sacred duties? But, you may read the Bible from Genesis to Revelation, and you will not find a single line authorizing the sanctification of Sunday. The Scriptures enforce the religious observance of Saturday, a day which we never sanctify."

Source: The Faith of Our Fathers, by James Cardinal Gibbons, Archbishop of Baltimore, 88th edition, page 89. Originally published in 1876, republished and Copyright 1980 by TAN Books and Publishers, Inc., pages 72-73.

[pg. 24]

   The Divine institution of a day of rest from ordinary occupations and of religious worship, transferred by the authority of the Church [p. 25] from the Sabbath, the last day, to Sunday, the first day of the week, has always been revered in this country, has entered into our legislation and customs, and is one of the most patent signs that we are a Christian people.
   The neglect and abandonment of this observance would be sure evidence of a departure from the Christian spirit in which our past national life has been moulded. In our times, as in all times past, the enemies of religion are the opponents, secret or avowed, of the Christian Sabbath.

Source:  The Cross and the Flag, Our Church and Country, - The Claims of the Catholic Church in the Making of the Republic, by James Cardinal Gibbons, D.D., John Gilmary Shea, L.L.D and others, (New York: The Catholic Historical League of America, 1899), pp. 24, 25.

Seventh-Day Adventist is right in observing the Saturday:

[pg. 254]
   What Bible authority is there for changing the Sabbath from the seventh to the first day of the week?
   Who gave the Pope the authority to change a command of God?

   If the Bible is the only guide for the Christian, then the Seventh-Day Adventist is right in observing the Saturday with the Jew. But Catholics learn what to believe and do from the divine, infallible authority established by Jesus Christ, the Catholic Church, which in Apostolic times made Sunday the day of rest to honor our Lord's resurrection on that day, [pg. 255] and to mark off clearly the Jew from the Christian. St. Justin Martyr (Apol., c. 67) speaks of the early Christians meeting for the holy sacrifice of the mass on Sunday.

   Is it not strange that those who make the Bible their only teacher should inconsistently follow in this matter the tradition of the Church?

Source: The Question-Box Answers by Rev. Bertrand L. Conway, of the Paulist Fathers, 442d Thousand, copyright 1903 by "The Missionary Society of St. Paul the Apostle in the State of New York", published in 1912 by the Columbus Press, 120 West 60th Street, New York, Nihil Obstat: Remigius Lafort, S.T.L., Censor Deputatus, Imprimatur: Joannes M. Farley, Archiep. Neo Ebor., February, 1903. [1915 edition, p. 179].

Sabbath Abolished, Sunday Commanded:

"The Bible says, 'Remember that thou keep holy the Sabbath day.' The Catholic Church says, No! By my divine power I abolish the Sabbath day, and command you to keep the first day of the week. And lo, the entire civilized world bows down in reverent obedience to the command of the holy Catholic Church."  Father T. Enright C.S.S.R. of the Redemptoral College, Kansas City, Mo., June 1893.

Source: History of the Sabbath, J. N. Andrews and L. R. Conradi, 4th edition, Revised and Enlarged, Review and Herald Publishing Association, 1912, pg. 802.

    The Catholic Church is Above the Bible in Authority:

   Now in the matter of Sabbath observance the Protestant rule of Faith is utterly unable to explain the substitution of the Christian Sunday for the Jewish Saturday. It has been changed. The Bible still teaches that the Sabbath or Saturday should be kept holy. There is no authority in the New Testament for the substitution of Sunday for Saturday. Surely it is an important matter. It stands there in the Bible as one of the Ten Commandments of God. There is no authority in the Bible for abrogating this Commandment, or for transferring its observance to another day of the week.

    For Catholics it is not the slightest difficulty. "All power is given Me in heaven and on earth; as the Father sent Me so I also send you," said our Divine Lord in giving His tremendous commission to His Apostles. "He that heareth you heareth Me." We have in the authoritative voice of the Church the voice of Christ Himself. The Church is above the Bible; and this transference of Sabbath observance to Sunday is proof positive of that fact. Deny the authority of the Church and you have no adequate or reasonable explanation or justification for the substitution of Sunday for Saturday in the Third - Protestant Fourth - Commandment of God.

Source: The Catholic Record, London, Ontario Canada, September 1, 1923, Diocese of Bishop Most Rev. Michael F. Fallon, D.D., LL.D.

Sundaykeeping A Mark:

36. The Sunday assembly is the privileged place of unity: it is the setting for the celebration of the sacramentum unitatis which profoundly marks the Church as a people gathered "by" and "in" the unity of the Father, of the Son and of the Holy Spirit.

63. ... Christians, called as they are to proclaim the liberation won by the blood of Christ, felt that they had the authority to transfer the meaning of the Sabbath to the day of the Resurrection.

Source: Pope John Paul II, Apostolic Letter Dies Domini, 31 May, 1998.

Catholics Cannot Live Their Faith Without Keeping The Sunday Tradition:

   The Pope recalls that "the theme (of the congress), 'We cannot live without the Lord's day', makes reference to the Apostolic Letter 'Dies Domini' concerning Sundays".  ... "It is my heartfelt wish that this Eucharistic Congress may cause the desire for sanctity to grow within the faithful of the entire diocese, an indispensable condition for an apostolic commitment capable of making a mark upon society.

Source: Vatican Information Service (VIS) press release, Sept 2, 1999, quoting a letter by Pope John Paul II speaking about the 4th Diocesan Eucharistic Congress held in Perugia, Italy. The theme of the congress is a reference to section 81 of John Paul II's Dies Domini, which states:

81. ... It is crucially important that all the faithful should be convinced that they cannot live their faith or share fully in the life of the Christian community unless they take part regularly in the Sunday Eucharistic assembly. ...


192. What is the third Commandment?
The third Commandment is, "Remember that thou keep holy the Sabbath Day."

193. What are we commanded by the third Commandment?
   By the third Commandment we are commanded to keep Sunday holy.

   The Jews' Sabbath Day was Saturday; we Christians keep Sunday holy. The Church, by the power our Lord gave her, changed the observance of Saturday to Sunday.

   A word about Sunday. God said, "Remember that thou keep holy the Sabbath Day." The Sabbath was Saturday, not Sunday; why, then, do we keep Sunday holy instead of Saturday? The Church altered the observance of the Sabbath to the observance of Sunday in commemoration of our Lord having risen from the dead on Easter Sunday, and of the Holy Ghost having descended upon the apostles on Whit Sunday. Protestants who say that they go by the Bible and the Bible only, and that they do not believe anything that is not in the Bible, must be rather puzzled by the keeping of Sunday when God distinctly said, "Keep holy the Sabbath Day." The word Sunday does not come anywhere in the Bible, so without knowing it, they are obeying the authority of the Catholic Church.

Source: The Catechism Simply Explained, by H. Canon Cafferata, New Revised and Enlarged (10th) Edition, published in 1932 by Burns Oates & Washbourne Ltd, London, Publishers to the Holy See, NIHIL OBSTAT: Eduardus J. Mahoney, S. Th.D., Censor Deputatus, IMPRIMATUR: Josephus Butt, Vicarius Generalis, pg. 89.

Sunday Sanctity Mandated by the Third Commandment?

79. What must we do according to the third Commandment?

   We must sanctify Sunday (the Lord’s Day) and the holy days of obligation. We must then assist at the Mass (the liturgy of the Word as well as that of the Eucharist). The Sunday must be a day of rest from unnecessary work, and of joy (Vat. II).

Source: Pocket Catechism (booklet), St. Joseph Edition, By Rev. A. Lodders, C.SS.R., Copyright 1965-1973, Catholic Book Publishing Co., N.Y.

No question that you are obliged to keep Saturday holy.

   Q. (a) The Bible says "The seventh day is the Sabbath of the Lord," and we read in your literature that it is the only Bible Sabbath there is. Will you please explain how the Sunday observance originated? (b) Do you think the Seventh Day Adventists keep the right day?
   A. (a) If you follow the Bible alone there can be no question that you are obliged to keep Saturday holy, since that is the day especially prescribed by Almighty God to be kept holy to the Lord. In keeping Sunday [pg. 99] non-Catholics are simply following the practise of the Catholic Church for 1800 years, a tradition, and not a Bible ordinance. What we would like to know is: Since they deny the authority of the Church, on what grounds can they base their faith on keeping Sunday. Those who keep Saturday, like the Seventh Day Adventists, unquestionably have them by the hip in this practise. And they cannot give them any sufficient answer which would satisfy the unprejudiced mind. With the Catholics there is no difficulty about the matter. For, since we deny that the Bible is the sole rule of faith, we can fall back upon the constant practice and tradition of the Church ...

Source: The Question Box or Answers to Objections Against The Catholic Church, 3rd Edition, by Rev. Francis George Lentz, Missionary of the Diocese of Peoria, published by Christian Press Association, 1900, New York and San Francisco, pages 98, 99.

Sunday is an institution of the Roman Catholic Church:

"Sunday is an institution of the Roman Catholic Church, and those who observe the day observe a commandment of the Catholic Church." (Source: Priest Brady, Elizabeth, New Jersey, News, March 18th, 1903.*)

"Protestants ... accept Sunday rather than Saturday as the day for public worship after the Catholic Church made the change... But the Protestant mind does not seem to realize that ... in observing Sunday, they are accepting the authority of the spokesman for the Church, the pope." (Source: Our Sunday Visitor, February 5th, 1950.)

"Of course these two old quotations are exactly correct. The Catholic Church designated Sunday as the day of corporate worship and gets full credit—or blame—for the change."

Source: This Rock, a Catholic magazine of apologetics and evangelization, June 1997, page 8.

*The following presents a more extensive quote:

The Elisabeth News (New Jersey), of March 18, 1903, prints a sermon delivered by "Father" James H. Brady, Curate of St. Mary's Church of Elisabeth, from which we quote the following: "Right here it is necessary to remind you that the day which you observe as Catholic Christians, and in fact which all others who claim to be Christians do observe, is not the same day which is spoken of in the commandment. If you look to the Bible as an authority for the observance of the day you will not find it. It is well to remind the Presbyterians, Methodists, Baptists, and all other Christians outside the pale of the mother church, that the Bible, the only authority which they recognise in matters of religion, does not support them anywhere in the observance of the Christian day, namely Sunday. The Seventh-day Baptists, and Seventh-day Adventists are the only ones who properly apply the term Sabbath, because they also observe the seventh day and not the first day of the week as the day of rest."
    "The Christian Sunday is an institution of the Roman Catholic Church, and those who observe the day observe a commandment of the Catholic Church, and thus indirectly acknowledge the authority of that church to legislate in the name of God in all religious matters and her superiority over the Bible."

Source: The Signs Of The Times, Vol. 27, No. 38, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia, Sept 16, 1912, page 596.

    But there is something still wanting to a full statement of the untenable position taken up by those sticklers for "Sabbath" observance. What right, anyhow, have these gentlemen as Protestants to lay down the law as to what is to be done or not done on Sunday? Sunday is a Catholic institution, and its claims to observance can be defended only on Catholic principles. If the "Bible and the Bible only is the religion of Protestants," if "whatever is not read therein nor may be proved thereby" has no claim on their faith or observance, what scrap of title can they show for all their dogmatic insistance as to the requirements of the Lord's Day? From beginning to end of Scripture there is not a single passage that warrants the transfer of weekly public worship from the last day of the week to the first. Thus Sunday observance is an incongruous adjunct of the Protestant faith, utterly out of keeping with its fundamental principle, and strongly suggests a religion that suffered sadly from too much hurry in the making.
If any Sabbatarian wants to know the proper method of spending the Sunday, the Catholic Church is the natural source to apply to for information. Under her direction the Sunday supplanted the Jewish Sabbath, and she is, therefore, the best fitted to settle any dispute as to its claims.

Source: The Catholic Press, Sydney, Australia, Saturday, August 25, 1900, quoted in The Bible Echo, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia, Vol. 15, No. 42, Oct. 15, 1900, page 674.

Perhaps the boldest thing, the most revolutionary change the Church ever did, happened in the first century. The holy day, the Sabbath, was changed from Saturday to Sunday. "The Day of the Lord" (dies Dominica) was chosen, not from any directions noted in the Scriptures, but from the Church's sense of its own power. The day of resurrection, the day of Pentecost, fifty days later, came on the first day of the week. So this would be the new Sabbath. People who think that the Scriptures should be the sole authority, should logically become 7th Day Adventists, and keep Saturday holy.

Source: Sentinel, Pastor's page, Saint Catherine Catholic Church, Algonac, Michigan, May 21, 1995.

So the Catholic Church considers it's mark (!) of authority over the Bible to be Sunday worship! The Catholic Church claims responsibility for changing the day of rest from Saturday (the Sabbath) to Sunday, a change which is not directed by the Bible. Therefore the mark of authority of the beast is Sunday worship. Note that according to Revelation 13:16 this mark can be either the hand or the forehead. If the mark of the beast is in the forehead, you believe that the Pope is right and Sunday is the correct day to rest. You accept and believe the Pope's authority to change the Law of God, the Ten Commandments. If you have the mark on the hand, you do not necessarily agree that the Pope has such authority, but because of fear of persecution or peer pressure, you continue to follow his dictates. By your actions you give your allegiance to the Pope and Catholicism.


The First Angel's Message

Rev 14:6 And I saw another angel fly in the midst of heaven, having the everlasting gospel to preach unto them that dwell on the earth, and to every nation, and kindred, and tongue, and people,
Rev 14:7 Saying with a loud voice, Fear God, and give glory to him; for the hour of his judgment is come: and worship him that made heaven, and earth, and the sea, and the fountains of waters.

This is a warning proclaimed just prior to the end of the world (Mat 24:14) and the second coming. Notice something? It carries with it the seal of God! This is a reference to the same seal found in the fourth (Catholic third) commandment on the sabbath:

Exo 20:11 For in six days the LORD made heaven and earth, the sea, and all that in them is, and rested the seventh day: wherefore the LORD blessed the sabbath day, and hallowed it.

This association is even noted by a recent Catholic Catechism:

basic.jpg (6620 bytes)


     The third commandment is:

"Remember the sabbath day and keep it holy" (Ex. 20:8),**
Worship the maker of heaven and earth and sea (Rv. 14:7).**

** The Jerusalem Bible.

Source: Basic Catechism with Scriptural Quotations, Sixth Revised Edition, Copyright 1993, 1987, by the Daughters of St. Paul, Printed and published in the U.S.A. by St. Paul Books & Media, 50 St. Paul's Avenue, Boston, MA 02130, ISBN 0-8198-0623-4, page 165.

So this Catholic Basic Catechism acknowledges that there is a reference to the seventh-day sabbath commandment of God contained in Rev 14:7. It is clear then that the first angel's message is one that goes to the entire world, proclaiming the gospel message, that judgment has come, and to worship the true creator God, whose seal is in His sabbath day!

The Second Angel's Message

Rev 14:8 And there followed another angel, saying, Babylon is fallen, is fallen, that great city, because she made all nations drink of the wine of the wrath of her fornication.

The Third Angel's Message

Rev 14:9 And the third angel followed them, saying with a loud voice, If any man worship the beast and his image, and receive his mark in his forehead, or in his hand,
Rev 14:10 The same shall drink of the wine of the wrath of God, which is poured out without mixture into the cup of his indignation; and he shall be tormented with fire and brimstone in the presence of the holy angels, and in the presence of the Lamb:
Rev 14:11 And the smoke of their torment ascendeth up for ever and ever: and they have no rest day nor night, who worship the beast and his image, and whosoever receiveth the mark of his name.
Rev 14:12 Here is the patience of the saints: here are they that keep the commandments of God, and the faith of Jesus.

Note that there are two groups of people mentioned in the third angel's message, those that have the mark of the beast and will receive the full wrath of God, and those who keep the commandments of God and have the faith of Jesus. So those who keep the commandments of God will NOT receive the mark of the beast! Now notice who the dragon (SATAN) is angry with in the following verse:

Rev 12:17 And the dragon was wroth with the woman, and went to make war with the remnant of her seed, which keep the commandments of God, and have the testimony of Jesus Christ.

The woman is the faithful church, and the remnant seed are the remaining believers. Satan is angry with those who KEEP the Ten Commandments (including keeping the seventh-day sabbath) and read and understand the testimony of Jesus, the Revelation. (Rev 1:2)

To sum up, the seal of God will be on those who keep the commandments of God as God wrote them, with particular emphasis on keeping the seventh-day sabbath, Saturday. The mark of the beast will be on those who follow the commandments of men (the Pope) and worship on a counterfeit man made day of rest, Sunday, the first day of the week. Neither have anything to do with an actual physical mark or seal.

The mark of the beast will be acquired when the Catholic church and U.S. Protestantism try to enforce Sunday worship by force of law. At that time, everyone will have to choose the mark of the beast, or the seal of God. You will pick who you follow, man or God. God is going to honor the choice you make at that time.

Rev 13:15 And he had power to give life unto the image of the beast, that the image of the beast should both speak, and cause that as many as would not worship the image of the beast should be killed.

The image to the beast is apostate Protestantism (the false prophet), and those who disobey the Sunday laws will be ordered killed!


[pg. 264] ... Princes and magistrates are to be admonished and exhorted to lend the sanction and support of their authority to the pastors of the Church, particularly in upholding and extending the worship of God [on Sunday], and in commanding obedience to the spiritual injunctions of the pastor.
   With regard to the exposition of this Commandment, the faithful are to be carefully taught in what it accords with, and in what it differs from the others, in order that they may understand why Christians observe not the Sabbath but the Lord's day.

Source: The Catechism of the Council of Trent, Issued by order of Pope Pius V, The Third Commandment.

Note this statement from the recent Vatican Catechism:

2188       In respecting religious liberty and the common good of all, Christians should seek recognition of Sundays and the Church's holy days as legal holidays.

Source: Catechism of the Catholic Church, published by Ligouri Publications, English translation copyright 1994 by the United States Catholic Conference, Inc.--Libreria Editrice Vaticana, bearing the Imprimi Potest of Joseph Cardinal Ratzinger, page 528.

See A day of grace and rest from work under Article Three, the Third Commandment, online at Scroll down to 2188.

And then there is this more recent encyclical from Pope John Paul II:

#66 ... In this matter, my predecessor Pope Leo XIII in his Encyclical Rerum Novarum spoke of Sunday rest as a worker's right which the State must guarantee.

#67 ... Therefore, also in the particular circumstances of our own time, Christians will naturally strive to ensure that civil legislation respects their duty to keep Sunday holy.

Source: Apostolic Letter Dies Domini, 31 May, 1998.

And most recently, from the Synod of Bishops on the Eucharist:

Proposition 30

"Dies Domini"

As fruit of the Year of the Eucharist, the Synod strongly recommends that significant efforts be made to give value to and to live the "Dies Domini" in the whole Church. It is necessary to affirm anew the central character of Sunday and of the celebration of the Sunday Eucharist in the different communities of the diocese, especially in the parishes (cf. "Sacrosanctum Concilium" 42). Sunday is truly the day in which one celebrates with others the risen Christ, sanctified day and consecrated to the Creator, day of rest and availability. The Sunday Eucharistic celebration is a humanizing grace for the individual and the family, because it nourishes the Christian identity with contact with the Risen One. Therefore, the duty to participle is triple: with God, with oneself and with the community.

It is intended to help the faithful to consider as paradigmatic the experience of the primitive community and that of the generations of the first centuries. Christians must be given the opportunity, through catechesis and preaching, to meditate on the "Dies Christi" as the day of the Lord's Resurrection and, therefore, as a feast of deliverance, a day given to enjoy the goods of the Kingdom of God, day of joy because of the encounter with the Living, present among us.

We hope therefore that the Day of the Lord will also become the day of Christians, respected by the whole society with rest from work. Manifestations proper to the Christian community should be organized around the Eucharistic celebration, such as friendly get-togethers; formation of children, young people and adults in the faith; pilgrimages; works of charity; and different moments of prayer.

Although Saturday afternoon belongs already to Sunday (First Vespers), and it is permitted to fulfill the Sunday obligation with the pre-festive Mass, it is necessary to remember that it is the day of Sunday in itself which must be sanctified so that there is no "void of God."

Source: The Synod of Bishops on the Eucharist, held in Rome, Oct. 2-23, 2005.

The Catholic Church is openly advocating legal enforcement of Sunday as a day of rest!

Notice how simple this interpretation is? It does not involve trying to put a physical mark on everyone. All the beast and false prophet have to do is look for people that worship on Saturday to persecute them. When all work and commerce is forbidden on Sunday, they need only to look for those who break this law and refuse to worship on the counterfeit sabbath (Sunday) to enforce their will. Those who do not obey will be under a death sentence!

Whether you believe this now or not, watch for a trend to remove the church and state separation in the United States. It will ultimately lead to an enforcement of Sunday laws. At that time you will have to make a choice. What will it be, man's law or God's law as found in the Bible? Of course, you could make that choice now, and then you will have oil in your lamp when the bridegroom arrives! (Mat 25:1-13)

Sunday is NOT the biblical Sabbath day.
Did the Apostles Keep Sunday To Honor The Resurrection?
Offering Strange Fire Before The Lord.
The Seal of God in the Old and New Covenants
The Abomination of Desolation
The Battle of Armageddon.
What Does The Word VATICAN Mean?