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A Course in Religion for Catholic High Schools and Academies, Part 1, Chief Truths Of Faith, by Rev. John Laux, M.A., Benzinger Brothers, 1936 edition.

Advanced Catechism Of Catholic Faith And Practice, based upon the Third Plenary Council Catechism for use in the higher grades of Catholic Schools, compiled by Rev. Thomas J. O'brien, inspector of Parochial Schools, Diocese of Brooklyn, published by John B. Oink, Chicago Ill., copyright 1929.

Adversus Graecorum Calumnias (Against the Slanders of the Greeks), Humbertus Silvae Candidae Episcopus (11th century French Cardinal Humbert of Silva Candida, 1010-1061 A.D.), Patrologia Cursus Completus, 1853, Migne J. P., Volume 143, column 937.

Topic: Cardinal Humbert quoting Pope Sylvester I (A.D. 314-335) regarding the Sabbath:

"If every Lord’s day is to be observed joyfully by the Christians on account of the resurrection, then every Sabbath on account of the burial is detestably Jewish. In fact all the disciples of the Lord lamented on the Sabbath, bewailing the buried Lord, and the Jews exulted. But sadness reigned for the fasting apostles. In like manner we are sad, saddened by the burial of the Lord, and rejoice with them in the Lord’s resurrection. Neither in fact is it proper to feast [on the Sabbath] as the Jewish custom observed by the Jews."

Ex quorum numero beatissimus papa Silvester, magni Constantini Augusti spiritualis pater, inter alia dixit : < Si omnis Dominicus dies resurrectionis gratia est colendus in gaudio Christianorum : omnis ergo sabbati dies sepulturae deputandus est in exsecratione Judaerorum. Omnis enim discipuli Domini Sabbato fletum habuerunt, sepultum Dominum suspirantes, et Judaeis exulantibus laetitia inerat. Apostolis autem jejunantibus tristitia imperabat. Tristemur itaque cum tristantibus de sepultura Domini, si volumus cum iisdem de Domini resurrectione gaudere. Neque enim fas est destructiones ciborum et caerimonias Judaeorum more Judaico observemus. >

Answering a Fundamentalist, by Albert J. Nevins, published by Our Sunday Visitor, Inc., copyright 1990, ISBN 0-87973-433-7, Library of Congress Catalog Card Number 90-60644.

A Select Library of Nicene and Post-Nicene Fathers of the Christian Church, By Philip Schaff, D.D., L.L.D., and Henry Wace, D.D., Vol. XIV, The Seven Ecumenical Councils, New York, Charles Scribner's Sons, Oxford and London, Parker & Company, 1900.

The Attic Nights of Aulus Gellius, [written in the 2nd century], translated into English by the Rev. William Beloe, Volume III, London, 1795. [Attic Nights in Latin.]

 Authorized King James Version of The Holy Bible, conteyning the Old Testament, and the New. Imprinted at London : By Robert Barker ..., 1611. Original in Annenberg Rare Book and Manuscript Library. BS185 1611 .L65.  Another downloadable copy.

Basic Catechism with Scriptural Quotations, Sixth Revised Edition, Copyright 1993, 1987, by the Daughters of St. Paul, Printed and published in the U.S.A. by St. Paul Books & Media, 50 St. Paul's Avenue, Boston, MA 02130, ISBN 0-8198-0623-4.

Butler's Catechism, by the Most Rev. Dr. James Butler, revised, enlarged, improved, and recommended by the four R. C. Archbishops of Ireland, published in 1886 in New York by P. J. Kenedy, 5 Barclay Street.

Canon and Tradition, H. J. Holtzmann, Ludwigsburg, 1859. See this entry.

Catechism for the Catholic Parochial Schools of the United States, by Rev. W. Faerber, 36th edition, Revised, published by B. Herder Book Co., 17 South Broadway, St. Louis, Mo., and 33 Queen Square, London, W. C., copyright 1935.

Catechism Made Easy, Being A Familiar Explanation Of The Catechism Of Christian Doctrine, by the Rev. Henry Gibson, Vol. II., Liverpool: printed by Rockliff Brothers, 44 Castle Street. London: R. Washbourne, 18, Paternoster Row, 1874, Imprimatur: Bernard O'Reilly, Bishop of Liverpool.

Catechism Made Easy, Being A Familiar Explanation Of The Catechism Of Christian Doctrine, (No. 2), Second editiion, by the Rev. Henry Gibson, Vol. I., London: Burns and Oates, 1882, Imprimatur: Cardinal Henry Edward Manning, Archbishop.

The Catechism of the Council of Trent (The Roman Catechism), translated by John A McHugh, O.P., S.T.M., LITT.D. and Charles J. Callan, O.P., S.T.M., LITT.D., published by Tan Books and Publishers, Inc., Copyright 1992, Rockford, Illinois, 61105.

A Catechisme or Christian Doctrine, by Laurence Vaux, B.D., reprinted from a 1583 edition by The Chetham Society in 1885, Manchester England. (This is the first Catholic catechism in English.) Online at Google Books.

Catechism of Perseverance, translated from the French of Abbe Gaume by Rev. F. B. Jamison, Fiftieth Edition, 1850, revised and enlarged, with the approbation of the Most Rev. Archbishop of Baltimore, Published by Thomas B. Noonan & Co, 17, 19, and 21 Boylston Street, Boston.

The Catechism Simply Explained, by H. Canon Cafferata, New Revised and Enlarged (10th) Edition, published in 1932 by Burns Oates & Washbourne Ltd, London, Publishers to the Holy See, NIHIL OBSTAT: Eduardus J. Mahoney, S. Th.D., Censor Deputatus, IMPRIMATUR: Josephus Butt, Vicarius Generalis.

Catholic Belief or A Short And Simple Exposition Of Catholic Doctrine, by the Very Rev. Joseph Faa Di Bruno, D.D., Author's American Edition, edited by Rev. Louis Lambert, Eightieth Thousand, published in New York, Cincinnati and Chicago and copyright in 1884 by Benzinger Brothers, printers to the Holy Apostolic See, Imprimatur John Cardinal McCloskey, Archbishop of New York.

A Catholic Catechism for the Parochial and Sunday Schools of the United States, Rev. James Groenings, Priest of the Society of Jesus, translated by Very Rev. James Rockliff, of the same Society, Benzinger Brothers, Printers to the Holy Apostolic See, copyright 1900, Nihil Obstat: Theodore Van Rossum, S.J., Censor Deputatus, Imprimatur: Michael Augustine, Archbishop of New York.

Catholic Catechism Of The Christian Religion; Being, With Some Small Changes, A Compendium Of The Catechism Of Montpellier, by the Rev. Stephen Keenan, published in Boston by Patrick Donahue, 3 Franklin Street, 1852.

The Catholic Christian Instructed in the Sacraments, Sacrifice, Ceremonies, and Observances of the Church, by the Right Rev. Dr. Richard Challoner, published in Baltimore in 1852 by John Murphy & Co, No. 178 Market Street.

The Catholic Encyclopedia, An International Work of Reference on the Constitution, Doctrine, Discipline And History Of The Catholic Church, edited by Charles George Herbermann, New York, The Encyclopedia Press, 1913.

Catholicism and Fundamentalism, by Karl Keating, copyright 1988 by Ignatius Press, San Francisco, ISBN 0-89870-177-5.

Clifton Tracts, (British Edition), Volume III, by the Brotherhood of St. Vincent of Paul, published in 1852 in London, Tracts on Christian Doctrine, contains tract #48, Why Don't You Keep Holy The Sabbath Day?

Clifton Tracts, (U.S. Edition), Volume IV, by the Brotherhood of St. Vincent of Paul, published in 1856 in New York, contains tract Why Don't You Keep Holy The Sabbath Day?

Coming of Messiah in Glory and Majesty by Manuel De Lacunza, translated by Edward Irving, at Google Books.

A Commentary on the Revelation of St. John the Divine, by Thomas Whittemore, Boston, Universalist Publishing House, 1848.

Compendious Description of the Museums of Ancient Sculpture, Greek and Roman, in the Vatican Palace, by Cav. H. J. Massi, First Curator of the Vatican Museums and Galleries, Paleographer and Professor of the Italian and French Languages, Rome, Third Edition, 1889.

Compendious Description of the Museums of Ancient Sculpture, Greek and Roman, in the Vatican Palace, by Cav. H. J. Massi, First Curator of the Vatican Museums and Galleries, Paleographer and Professor of Languages, Rome, Sixth Edition, 1901.

Compendious Description of the Museums of Ancient Sculpture, Greek and Roman, in the Vatican Palace, by Cav. H. J. Massi, First Curator of the Vatican Museums and Galleries, Paleographer and Professor of Languages, Rome, New Edition, 1905.

Controversial Catechism or Protestantism Refuted, by the Rev. Stephen Keenan, Second Edition revised and enlarged, published in 1851 by C. Dolman, 13 South Hanover Street, Edinburgh; and 61, New Bond Street, London.

Controversial Catechism or Protestantism Refuted, by the Rev. Stephen Keenan, New Edition, revised by the Rev. George Cormack, published in 1896 in London by Burns & Oates, Limited - in New York, Cincinnati, and Chicago by Benzinger Brothers.

The Convert's Catechism of Catholic Doctrine, by Rev. Peter Geiermann, C.SS.R., copyright 1910 by Joseph Gummersbach, published by B. Herder, St. Louis Mo., and Freiburg (Baden).

Pg. 50
Q. Which is the Sabbath day?
A. Saturday is the Sabbath day.
Q. Why do we observe Sunday instead of Saturday?
A. We observe Sunday instead of Saturday because the Catholic Church, in the Council of Laodicea (A.D. 336), transferred the solemnity from Saturday to Sunday.
Q. Why did the Catholic Church substitute Sunday for Saturday?
A. The Church substituted Sunday for Saturday, because Christ rose from the dead on Sunday, and the Holy Ghost descended upon the Apostles on a Sunday.
Q. By what authority did the Church substitute Sunday for Saturday?
A. The Church substituted Sunday for Saturday by the plenitude of that divine power which Jesus Christ bestowed upon her.
Q. What does the Third Commandment command?
A. The Third Commandment commands us to sanctify Sunday as the Lord's Day.

The Convert's Catechism of Catholic Doctrine, by Reverend Peter Geiermann, C.SS.R., Copyright 1910 by Joseph Gummersbach, blessed by Pope Pius X on the 25th of January 1910 via Cardinal Merry Del Val (Vatican Secretary of State), published by B. Herder Book Co, 15 and 17 South Broadway, St. Louis, Mo., and London, W. C. 33 Queen Square, in 1937, Twelfth Edition.

Corpus Iuris Canonici (Roman Catholic Canon Law).

Crossing The Threshold Of Hope, by Pope John Paul II, 1994.

The Pope is considered the man on earth who represents the Son of God, who "takes the place" of the Second Person of the omnipotent God of the Trinity

Have no fear when people call me the "Vicar of Christ," when they say to me, "Holy Father," or "Your Holiness," or use titles similar to these, which seem even inimical to the Gospel. Christ himself declared: "Call no one on earth your father; you have but one Father in heaven. Do not be called 'Master'; you have but one master, the Messiah" (Mt 23:9-10). These expressions, nevertheless, have evolved out of a long tradition, becoming part of common usage. One must not be afraid of these words either.

Daniel and the Revelation: The Chart of Prophecy and Our Place In It, A Study of the Historical and Futurist Interpretation, by Joseph Tanner, published in London by Hodder and Stoughton, 1898.

Daniel and the Revelation. The Response of History to the Voice of Prophecy: A Verse by Verse Study of These Important Books of the Bible, by Uriah Smith, Southern Publishing Association, Nashville, Tennessee, copyright 1907 by Mrs. Uriah Smith, (published sometime after May of 1911), pgs.

De Clericorum Institutione by Rabanus Maurus, published in 1900 in Munich by Dr. Aloisius Knoepfler.

Delineation of Roman Catholicism, by Rev. Charles Elliott, D. D., Volume I, published in New York by G. Lane and P.P. Sandford, 1842.

Deusdedit's Collection of Canon Law, compiled in 1087 A.D., published by the Vatican in Venice in 1869.

Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities, edited By William Smith, LL. D., Second Edition, Boston, Little, Brown, & Company, 1870.

Dictionary of the Liturgy, by Rev. Jovian P. Lang, OFM, Catholic Book Publishing Co., New York, Copyright 1989, ISBN 0-89942-273-X.

Disputationes de controversiis christianae fidei, Adversus hujus temporis Haereticos (Debates on the Christian Controversies of Faith Against Contemporary Heresy), Cardinal Robert Bellarmine, Paris, 1608.

Dizionario di erudizione storico-ecclesiastica da S. Pietro sino ai nostri giorni (Dictionary of Historical-Ecclesiastical Erudition from St. Peter to the Present), by Gaetano Moroni, 103 volumes and 6 volumes of indexes, printed in Venice by Tipografia Emiliana between 1840 and 1861.

A Doctrinal Catechism, by Rev. Stephen Keenan, Approved by Most Rev. John Hughes, D. D. Archbishop of New York, Second American Edition, copyright 1848, published circa 1853 in New York by E. Dunigan & Brother, (James B. Kirker), No. 371 Broadway.

A Doctrinal Catechism, by Rev. Stephen Keenan, Imprimatur by John Cardinal McCloskey, Archbishop of New York, Third American Edition, Copyright 1876 by T. W. Strong, published in New York by P. J. Kenedy, Excelsior Catholic Publishing House, 5 Barclay Street.

Does The Pope Claim To Be God?, by Rev. Sydney F. Smith S. J., a booklet published by The Catholic Truth Society of London, 1896.

The Douay Catechism (An Abridgment of the Christian Doctrine) of 1649, by Henry Tuberville, D.D., published by P. J. Kenedy, Excelsior Catholic Publishing House, 5 Barclay Street, New York, approved and recommended for his diocese by the Right Rev. Benedict, Bishop of Boston, April 24th, 1833.

Enchiridion. Handbüchlinn gemayner stell v(o)n Artickel, der yetz schwebenden neuwen leeren, Johannes Eck, 1530 edition in German. See pages 46 and 195-196 in the .pdf file.

"Concerning the Authority of the Church. — The Scripture teaches: Remember that you keep the Saturday; six days shalt thou labor and do all thy work, but the seventh day is the Sabbath of the Lord thy God, etc. However, the church has transferred the observance from Saturday to Sunday by virtue of her own power, without Scripture, without doubt under the inspiration of the Holy Spirit."
"Concerning Holidays and Fast-Days. — The Sabbath is commanded in various places in the Scriptures. But there is no mention of the cessation of the Sabbath and the institution of Sunday in the Gospels, or in Paul's writings, or in all the Bible; therefore this has taken place by the apostolic church instituting it without Scripture."
"If, however, the church has had power to change the Sabbath of the Bible into Sunday and to command Sunday-keeping, why should it not have also this power concerning other days, many of which are based on the Scriptures — such as Christmas, circumcision of the heart, three kings, etc. If you omit the latter, and turn from the church to the Scriptures alone, then you must keep the Sabbath with the Jews, which has been kept from the beginning of the world." 12

12 Dr. Eck's Enchiridion, 1533, pp. 78, 79. [Johann Eck was the principle adversary of Andreas Carlstadt and Martin Luther at the disputation at Leipzig in 1519]

History of the Sabbath and First Day of the Week by John Nevins Andrews and L. R. Conradi, Review and Herald Publishing, pg. 587.

Essays Critical & Historical, by Cardinal John Henry Newman, Volume II, Tenth Edition, London, Longmans, Green & Co., and New York, 15 East 16th Street, 1890.

The Faith of Millions, The Credentials Of The Catholic Religion, by the Reverend John A. O'Brien, PH. D., 4th Edition, copyright 1938, published by Our Sunday Visitor, Huntington, Indiana.

The Faith of Millions, The Credentials Of The Catholic Religion, by the Reverend John A. O'Brien, PH. D., 12th edition, revised and enlarged, 1955, published by Our Sunday Visitor, Huntington, Indiana.

The Faith of Millions, The Credentials Of The Catholic Religion, by the Reverend John A. O'Brien, PH. D., copyright 1963, 1974, published by Our Sunday Visitor, Huntington, Indiana.

The Faith of Our Fathers, by James Cardinal Gibbons, 111th printing, Published by TAN Books and Publishers, INC., P.O. Box 424, Rockford, Illinois 61105, Copyright 1876 by the John Murphy Company, and 1980 by TAN Books , ISBN 0-89555-158-6.

The Faith of Our Fathers, by James Cardinal Gibbons, 63rd Revised and Enlarged Edition, Publishers: John Murphy Company, Baltimore and New York, R. Washbourne, London, 1905.

Forbidden Sunday and Feast-Day Occupations, An Historical Synopsis And Theological Commentary, A Dissertation, by the Rev. Vincent J. Kelly, C.SS.R. S.T.L., Catholic University of America Press, Washington, D. C., Studies in Sacred Theology, No. 70., 1943.

The Fourfold Sovereignty of God, by Henry Edward Manning, Archbishop of Westminster, second edition, London, Burns, Oates & Company, 17, 18 Portman Street, and 63 Paternoster Row, 1872, (Archbishop Manning was elevated to Cardinal in 1875.)

A Full Course Of Instructions For The Use Of Catechists; Being An Explanation Of The Catechism; Entitled "An Abridgment Of Christian Doctrine" by the Rev. John Perry, Approbation of the Most Rev. John Hughes; D. D., Archbishop of New York, published in New York in 1860 by D. & J. Sadlier & Co., 164 William-St., Boston — 128 Federal Street, Montreal — Corner Notre Dame and St. Francis Xavier Sts.

A Full Course Of Instructions For The Use Of Catechists; Being An Explanation Of The Catechism; Entitled "An Abridgment Of Christian Doctrine" by the Rev. John Perry, Approbation of John Cardinal McCloskey, Archbishop of New York, published in 1895 by P. J. Kenedy, 44 Barclay Street, New York.

The Glories Of The Sacred Heart, by Henry Edward Manning, Cardinal Archbishop, published in 1885 by D. & J. Sadlier & Co., New York and Montreal.

The Great Encyclical Letters of Pope Leo XIII, copyright 1903 by Benzinger Brothers, New York, ISBN: 0-89555-529-8, Library of Congress Catalog Card No.: 95-60850, Published in 1995 by TAN BOOKS AND PUBLISHERS, INC., P.O. Box 424, Rockford, Illinois 61105.

History of the Protestant Reformation in England and Ireland, Showing How That Event Has Impoverished and Degraded the Main Body of the People in Those Countries, by William Cobbett, published in 1832 in New York by John Doyle, 12 Liberty-street; and Thomas Doyle, Market-street, Providence R.I. (Online at Google Books)

History of the Rise and Influence of the Spirit of Rationalism in Europe, by W. E. H. Lecky, Vol. II, New York, D. Appleton and Company, 1866.

History of the Sabbath, J. N. Andrews and L. R. Conradi, 4th edition, Revised and Enlarged, Review and Herald Publishing Association, 1912.

Footnote 20, Kansas City Catholic, Feb. 9, 1893, article titled Protestants Keeping Sunday Holy, reprinted in full in American Sentinel, June 8, 1893, pgs. 181-182 (5-6).
Footnote 21, Father Enright letter quoted on Sabbath-Sunday, American Sentinel, June 1st, 1893.
Footnote 22, Catholic Mirror, Dec. 23, 1893.

Fr. Timothy Enright, C.SS.R., 1837-1911 - biography, Historical Records and Studies, Volume 8, 1915, by United States. Catholic Historical Society, pg. 234. New York Times obituary, Dec 28, 1911, pg. 9. Two obituaries and death certificate available at C.SS.R. after the name of every Redemptorist stands for Congregatio Sanctissimi Redemptoris, or Congregation of the Most Holy Redeemer.

On staff at the Novitiate and Preparatory College of the Redemptorist Fathers of the Western Province (P. O. Box 875), Kansas City, Missouri:

Il Papato, sua origine, sue lotte e vicende, suo avvenire: studio storico - scientificom [The Papacy, its origins, its struggles and vicissitudes, its future: a historical-scientific study], by Baldassare Labanca, Prof. di Storia del cristianesimo nell'Universita di Roma, Torino, Fratelli Bocca, Editori, Milano, Roma, 1905, pg. 473.

Roma è città cattolica, e da secoli è collegata in guisa con la persona del Papa, da formare due termini inseparabili, quasi una unità storica. ... Roma ed il Papa, questi due termini non vennero scissi da invasioni barbariche e da altre guerre italiane; Roma pagana essendo caduta, sorse Roma cattolica, ...

Rome is a Catholic city, and has been linked in such a way with the person of the Pope, as to form two inseparable terms, almost a historical unity. ... Rome and the Pope, these two terms were not split apart by the barbarian invasions and other Italian wars, pagan Rome having fallen, gave rise to Catholic Rome, ...

The Jesuits Catechism, according to St. Ignatius Loyola : for the instructing and strengthning of all those which are weak in that faith : wherein the impiety of their principles, perniciousness of their doctrines and iniquity of their practices are declared. Second Edition, London, 1681, by A H; Etienne Pasquier.

Kanon und Tradition, ein Beitrag zur neueren Dogmengeschichte und Symbolik (Canon and Tradition, a contribution to newer Dogma history and Symbolism), Heinrich Julius Holtzmann, Ludwigsburg, 1859.

Lectures on the History of the Eastern Church, with an introduction on the study of Ecclesiastical History, by Arthur Penrhyn Stanley, D.D., Regius Professor Of Ecclesiastical History in the University of Oxford, and Canon of Christ Church, from the second London Edition, Revised, New York, Charles Scribner and Company, 654 Broadway, 1862 & 1872. [Published by arrangement with the Author.]

Leviathan; Or, The Matter, Forme & Power of a Commonwealth, Ecclesiasticall and Civill, by Thomas Hobbes, 1651, reprinted by Cambridge University Press, edited by A. R. Waller, 1904.

Life in Christ: Instructions in the Catholic Faith, Reverends James Killgallon, Gerard Weber, 1958, pg. 243.

12. Why did the Church change the Lord's Day from the Sabbath to Sunday?

The Church, using the power of binding and loosing which Christ gave to the Pope, changed the Lord's day to Sunday because it was on Sunday (the first day of the week) that Christ rose from the dead and that the Holy Spirit descended upon the apostles.

The Mission Book, drawn chiefly from the works of St. Alphonsus Liguori, published circa 1861 by the Missionary Fathers of St. Paul, James B. Kirker, New York, bearing the approbation of Archbishop John Hughes.

A New Catechism of Christian Doctrine and Practice for School and Home Use, American Edition, Authorized, (6th 5000. Revision) by James Bellord, published in Notre Dame, Indiana, by The Ave Maria, 1902 (Also published in London in 1901 by the Catholic Truth Society).

The Panarion of Epiphanius of Salamis, Book I (sects 1-46), translated by Frank Williams, ISSN 0929-2470, ISBN 90-04-07926-2, copyright 1987 and 1997 by Koninklijke Brill, Leiden, The Netherlands.

The Papal controversy involving the claim of the Roman Catholic Church to the church of God, by David Burcham Ray, National Baptist Publishing Co., St. Louis, Mo., 1892.

Where did you get your Bible? From the Catholic Church whose Bishops and priests wrote the Bible; from the Catholic Church, which gathered and compiled the books of the Bible; from the Catholic Church; which selected the true from the false gospels; from the Catholic Church that living apostolic body, which determined by its own authority what books were inspired and what were not, and rejected as uninspired a gospel written by one of the apostles, the gospel of St. Barnaby. From this same Catholic Church you have accepted your Sunday, and that Sunday, as the Lord's day, she has handed down as a tradition; and the entire Protestant world has accepted it as tradition, for you have not an iota of Scripture to establish it. Therefore that which you have accepted as your rule of faith, inadequate as it of course is, as well as your Sunday, you have accepted on the authority of the Roman Catholic Church.

The Papal System: From Its Origin to the Present Time, by William Cathcart, D.D., published in 1872 by Menace Publishing Company, Aurora, Mo.

Papal Teachings: The Church, selected and arranged by the Benedictine Monks of Solesmes, translated by Mother E. O'Gorman, R.S.C.J., Manhattanville College of the Sacred Heart, St. Paul Editions, Boston, © 1980, 1962 by Daughters of St. Paul, Library of Congress catalog card number 62-12454. Nihil Obstat: Rt. Rev. Matthew P. Stapleton, Diocesan Censor. Imprimatur: His Eminence, Richard Cardinal Cushing, and bearing a special Apostolic Benediction of Pope John XXIII dated January 12, 1960.

Patrologiae Cursus Completus, J. P. Migne, Paris, 1880.

Plain Talk About The Protestantism Of Today, from the French (Causeries sur le Protestantisme) of Monsignor Louis Gaston de Segur, Boston: Patrick Donahoe, 1868, Imprimatur Joannes Josephus, Episcopus Boston.

De Planctu Ecclesiae, by Alvarus Pelagius (Alvaro Pelayo), Ulm, 1474. Online at the Bavarian State Library, Munich, Germany.

ro • pon • qui non puri hoīs • sed veri dei vicem gerit ī t̄ris

[Romanus Pontifex qui non puri hominis sed veri dei vicem gerit in terris]

The Roman Pontiff does not exercise the office of a man, but of the true God on earth.

See also: Corpus Juris Canonici, Decretal. [Greg. IX.] de Transl. [lib. i. tit. 7.] c. 3. 'Quanto personam'.

licet [in tantum] qui successor est petri & vicarius iesu cristi

[the pope] is the successor of Peter and the vicar of Jesus Christ

Official 1582 "In Aedibus Populi Romani" edition of Corpus Juris Canonici, Decretal. Greg. IX., de Transl., lib. i. tit. 7, c. 4, Licet in tantum ... qui successor, col 218, pg. 109.

cum agitur de creatione vicarii iesu christi, successoris petri ... fundamenta

when the subject is concerning the creation of the vicars of Jesus Christ, the Successors of Peter ... Fundamenta

See: Liber Sextus, Book 1, Titulus 6: De electione et electi potestate, c. xvii: Fundamenta, col. 129. (col. 132, Romani Pontificis vicarii Dei, & footnotes z & t)

See also the Second Council of Lyons, Canon II, (in English).

The Problem of Sovereignty in the Later Middle Ages: The Papal Monarchy with Augustinus Triumphus and the Publicists, By Michael Wilks, Published by Cambridge University Press, 2008, ISBN 052107018X, 9780521070188.

Prompta Bibliotheca Canonica, Juridica, Moralis, Theologica, Ascetica, Polemica, Rubristica, Historica by Lucius Ferraris (Handy Library), Vol. 5, Latin, published in Petit-Montrouge (Paris) by J. P. Migne, 1858 edition:


Rules for Prohibiting Books - Council of Trent


Concerning the extent of Papal dignity, authority, or dominion and infallibility.

1782 edition of Prompta Bibliotheca, Volume VII, entry on Papa, Art II (Vicarius Filii Dei - point #20, page 27), Venice, online at Google Books.
Another 1782 edition at Google Books.
1854 edition, Volume 5, entry on Papa, Art II (Vicarius Filii Dei - point #20, col. 1828), Paris, at Google Books.
1890 edition, Volume 6, entry on Papa, Art II (Vicarius Filii Dei - point #20, pg 43), Sacred Congregation de Propaganda Fide, Rome, at Google Books.

Pontifex Romanus seu de prestantia, officio, auctoritate, virtutibusqve felicitate rebusqve præclare gestis Summorum Pontificum a D. Petro usqve ad Paulum Qvintum, commentarius by Abraham Bzovius, Coloniae Agrippinae Antonius Boetzerus, 1619.

Topic: Papal Titles of Honor listed, Christianorum Monarcha Cap. I, page 7.

The Question-Box Answers, by Rev. Bertrand L. Conway, of the Paulist Fathers, 442d Thousand, copyright 1903 by "The Missionary Society of St. Paul the Apostle in the State of New York", published in 1912 by the Columbus Press, 120 West 60th Street, New York, Nihil Obstat: Remigius Lafort, S.T.L., Censor Deputatus, Imprimatur: Joannes M. Farley, Archiep. Neo Ebor., February, 1903.

The Question Box or Answers to Objections Against The Catholic Church, 3rd Edition, by Rev. Francis George Lentz, Missionary of the Diocese of Peoria, published by Christian Press Association, 1900, New York and San Francisco.

Radio Replies, First Volume, by Rev. Dr. Leslie Rumble, M.S.C. and Rev. Charles Mortimer Carty, Copyright 1938, printed by Radio Replies Press, St. Paul 1, Minn., U.S.A..

Rebuilding a Lost Faith By An American Agnostic, John L. Stoddard, published in New York by P. J. Kenedy and Sons, circa 1921, Nihil Obstat: C. Schut, D.D., Censor Deputatus, Imprimatur: Edm. Can. Surmont, Vicarius Generalis.

The Reformation: A True Tale of the Sixteenth Century, by Anne Tuttle Jones Bullard, published in 1832 by the Massachusetts Sabbath School Society, Boston, Massachusetts. Identification by Jerry A. Stevens, October 9, 2006.

The Roman Catechism, Translated and Annotated in Accord with Vatican II and Post-Conciliar Documents and the New Code of Canon Law, And a Presentation by Silvio Cardinal Oddi, Prefect Sacred Congregation for the Clergy, Robert I. Bradley and Eugene Kevane, Boston, Ma: St. Paul Editions, 1985, (ISBN: 0819864080 / 0-8198-6408-0 ). This is a new revised version of the Catechism of the Council of Trent.

Cooperation by the Civil Authorities Regarding This Commandment: The civil authorities should be urged to cooperate with the church in maintaining and strengthening this public worship of God, and to support with their own authority the regulations set down by the Church's pastors.
In explaining this commandment the pastor should include a discussion on how it is related to the other commandments: how it resembles them and how it differs from them. For it is only in this way that the faithful will understand why it is Sunday and not the Sabbath day that we now keep holy.

Sabbath and Sunday in Early Christianity, by Robert Leo Odom, Copyright © 1977 by the Review and Herald Publishing Association, Washington, D. C. 20012   BV111.033   263   75-41893

Sacrorum Conciliorum Nova Et Amplissima Collectio, cujus Joannes Dominicus Mansi, Tomus Trigesimus Secundus (Vol 032), in qua praeter ea quae Phil. Labbeus et Gabr. Cossartius; 1618, Pariis, 1802, Christopher Marcellus, archbishop of Corfu, addressing Pope Julius II, in the Fifth Lateran Council, Session IV (1512): col 755 - col 761. Also online at Gallica, Bibliothèque nationale de France, col 755 - col 761.

Cura denique, ut salutem quam dedisti nobis, & vitam & spiritum non amittamus. Tu enim pastor, tu medicus, tu gubernator, tu cultor, tu denique alter Deus in terris.

Take a word of care, that we lose not that salvation, that life and breath which thou hast given us. For thou art our shepherd, thou art our physician, thou art our governor, thou art our husbandman, for thou art another God on earth.

Scofield Reference Bible, edited by Rev. C. I. Scofield, Oxford University Press, American Branch, New York, 1909.

Sermons On Ecclesiastical Subjects, first volume, second edition, by Henry Edward Manning, Archbishop of Westminster, published in 1870 by Burns, Oates And Company, London.

Seventh Day Adventists, by Rev. Dr. L. Rumble. M.S.C., published by The Australian Catholic Truth Society Record, February 10, 1950, pamphlet No. 446, printed by The Advocate Press, 143-151 o'Beckett St., Melbourne, pg. 24.

Sketches of church history : comprising a regular series of the most important and interesting events in the history of the church, from the birth of Christ to the nineteenth century / By: Wharey, James, 1789-1842. Published: (1840), pg. 24:

"... when Christianity became the established religion of the Roman Empire, and took the place of paganism, it assumed, in a great degree, the forms and rites of paganism, and participated in no small measure of its spirit also. Christianity as it existed in the dark ages, might be termed, without much impropriety of language, baptized paganism."

STORIA DELLA DOMENICA DALLE ORIGINI FINO AGLI INIZI DEL V SECOLO, Problema delle origini e sviluppo. Culto e riposo. Aspetti pastorali e liturgici., [HISTORY OF THE ORIGIN OF SUNDAY UNTIL THE BEGINNING OF THE 5th CENTURY, Problem of the origins and development. Worship and rest. Pastoral and liturgical aspects.], C. S. Mosna, S.C.J., Analecta Gregoriana, Cura Pontificiae Universitatis Gregorianae edita, Vol.170. Series Facultatis Historiae Ecclesiasticae: sectio B, n. 28, LIBRERIA EDITRICE DELL 'UNIVERSITA GREGORIANA, PIAZZA DEL LA PILOTTA, 4 - ROMA, 1969, Pg. 366.

Avendo la Chiesa influito probabilmente su Costantino per rendere la domenica giorno « festivo », Essa può rivendicarsi l'onore di aver voluto concedere all'uomo una pausa alle sue fatiche ogni sette giorni.

Since the Church, probably influenced by Constantine, made the day Sunday a "holiday", it can claim the honor of granting man a rest from his labors every seven days.

St. Paul Family Catechism, Third Edition, Copyright 1992, by the Daughters of St. Paul, published by St. Paul Books & Media, 50 St. Paul's Ave., Boston MA 02130.

The Sources of Catholic Dogma, Translated by Roy J. Deferrari, from the Thirtieth Edition of Henry Denzinger's Enchiridion Symbolorum, published by B. Herder Book Co., Copyright 1957.

See also: Denzinger, The Sources of Catholic Dogma, Translated by Roy J. Deferrari, from the Thirtieth Edition of Henry Denzinger's Enchiridion Symbolorum, published by Herder & Co., Copyright 1954.

Studies on the Book of Daniel, by John Nelson Darby, 3rd edition, London, 1864.

Summa de potestate ecclesiastica, Agostino Trionfo (Augustinus Triumphus).

Refer to the following guide for the Latin and corresponding English for each edition of Summa. The Latin spelling varies slightly depending on abbreviations used.

1473 edition of Summa de potestate ecclesiastica, Augustinus Triumphus
Bayerische Staatsbibliothek - High Resolution Color Photos (Has full document download, .pdf format - 328 Mb).

1475 edition of Summa de potestate ecclesiastica, Agostino Trionfo, Arnold Ther Hoernen, Cologne.
Die Inkunabelsammlung der Universitäts- und Stadtbibliothek Köln - High Resolution Color Photos

1476 edition of Summa de potestate ecclesiastica, Agostino Trionfo, Antonio Bartolomei Miscomini, Venezia.
Access document online at Gallica. (Has full document download, .pdf format - 92 Mb).

1479 edition of Summa de potestate ecclesiastica, Agostino Trionfo, impr. Francisci de Cinquinis, Rome.
Access document online at Gallica. (Has full document download, .pdf format - 79 Mb).

1484 edition of Summa de potestate ecclesiastica, Agostino Trionfo, Petrus Ungarus, Lugduni.
University of Zaragoza Library Catalogue Entry (Has full document download, .djvu and .pdf formats - 30 Mb)

1487 edition of Summa de potestate ecclesiastica, Agostino Trionfo, Johannes Leoviller, Venezia.
Biblioteca Digital Hispanica (Has full document download, .pdf format - 20 Mb)

1582 edition of Summa de potestate ecclesiastica, Augustini Triumphi, Vincentium Accoltum, Romae.
Universidad de Granada (Has full document download, pages 1-318 .pdf format, 67 Mb)

Sunday in Roman Paganism: a history of the planetary week and its "day of the Sun" in the heathenism of the Roman world during the early centuries of the Christian era, by Robert Leo Odom, Review and Herald Publishing Association, Copyright © 1944.

The Temporal Power of the Vicar of Jesus Christ, by Henry Edward Manning, D.D. (appointed Archbishop of Westminster in 1865 and Cardinal in 1875), second edition with a preface, published in 1862 in London by Burns & Lambert, 17 &18 Portman Street. (Online at Google Books)

Things Catholics Are Asked About, Martin J. Scott, S.J., Litt.D., p. 136, Copyright 1927 by P. J. Kenedy & Sons, New York.

Thoughts, Critical and Practical on the Book of Revelation, by Uriah Smith, published in 1865 by the Steam Press of the Seventh-day Adventist Publishing Association, Battle Creek, Michigan.

A Treatise of Antichrist. Conteyning the defence of Cardinall Bellarmines arguments, which inuincibly demonstrate, that the pope is not Antichrist. Against George Downam by Michael Christopherson priest ..., Volume 1 of 2 by the English Jesuit, Michael Walpole (1570-1624?), 1613 edition. Also available at ProQuest. Christopherson is a pseudonym for Walpole.

The third chapter, titled "Wherein it is shewed, that Antichrist is not yet come", (pages 49-51) discusses the protestant (Lutheran) Matthias Flacius Illyricus (1520-1575) and his Catalogue of Witnesses to the Truth who before our day cried out against the Pope (Catalogus Testium Veritatis - Basel, 1556), his Magdeburg Centuries (Ecclesiastica Historia, 1559 - 1574), an ecclesiastical history of 13 volumes (1 volume per century) to 1298 A.D. which established from that history that the Bishop of Rome was the Antichrist, and a 1260 year spiritual reign of the papal Antichrist, proposed to be from 606 - 1866 A.D., with the Lord's judgment commencing in 1866!

The Vatican Council And Its Definitions, by Henry Edward Manning, Archbishop of Westminster, published in 1871 by D. & J. Sadlier & Co., New York and Montreal.

Venerabilis patris Monetae Cremonensis ordinis praedicatorum S. P. dominico aequalis Adversus Catharos et Valdenses libri quinque : quos ex manuscriptis codd. Vaticano, Bononiensi, ac Neapolitano. (1743).

Contra istud objicit haereticus, scilicet Catharus & Valdensis id quod habetur ad Galatas 4. v. 10. Dies observatis , & menses , & tempora , & апnos & subdit v. 11. Timeo, ne forte sine causa, idest fructa laboraverim in vobis; Ergo peccatum est observare dies.

Summary Against Cathars And Waldensians, by Moneta of Cremona (ca. 1180-1238?), Tommaso Agostino Ricchini, five books: based on a manuscript codice, The Vatican, Bologna, and Naples. (1743).

“Against these heretics, namely the Cathari and Waldenses, it is that we find what is written in Galatians 4:10 'Ye observe days, and months, and times, and years' and it adds in verse 11: 'I am afraid of you, lest I have bestowed upon you,' indeed the result is that you 'labor in vain'; therefore it is sin to observe days.” — See page 253 of Decoding Ancient Waldensian Names: New Discoveries, P. Gerard Damsteegt, Andrews University Seminary Studies (AUSS) 54.2 (2016): 237-258.

Victories Of The Martyrs, by St. Alphonsus de Liguori, Doctor of the Church, centenary edition, edited by Rev. Eugene Grimm, published in 1888 by Benzinger Brothers, New York, Cincinnati and Chicago, printers to the Holy Apostolic See, R. Washboune, London, and M. H. Gill and Son, Dublin.


Vicarius Filii Dei was used twice by Pope Paul VI in documents found on the Vatican's web site. These are Apostolic Constitutions, which are the highest form of official Papal decree in the Roman Catholic Church and are issued with binding legal authority. In the first Paul VI applies the title to himself, in the second he applies the title in plural form to all the Bishops of Rome. See this page for more information.

Acta Apostolicae Sedis, Commentarium Officiale, vol. LX (1968), n. 6, pp. 317-319. Libreria Editrice Vaticana. ISBN 8820960680, 9788820960681.
Bafianae (January 11, 1968), Decree of Paul VI elevating the Prefecture Apostolic of Bafia, Cameroon, to a Diocese:
Scans: Title page - 317 - 318 - 319.

Adorandi Dei Filii Vicarius et Procurator, quibus numen aeternum summam Ecclesiae sanctae dedit, ...
As the worshipful Son of God's Vicar and Caretaker, to whom the eternal divine will has given the highest rank of the holy Church, ...

Acta Apostolicae Sedis, Commentarium Officiale, vol. LVIII (1966), n. 6, pp. 421-422. Libreria Editrice Vaticana, ISBN 8820960664, 9788820960667.
Rivi Muniensis (August 9, 1965), Decree Decree of Paul VI creating the Vicariate Apostolic of Río Muni, Equatorial Guinea:
Scans: Title page - 421 - 422.

Qui summi Dei numine et voluntate principem locum in Christi Ecclesia, obtinemus, adorandi Filii Dei hic in terris Vicarii Petrique successores, ...
We who the supreme God providentially wills, and maintains, in the principle position over Christ's Church, the honorable Vicars of the Son of God upon this earth - Peter's successors, ...

The American Catholic Quarterly Review, Vol. VIII, No. 29, January 1883, The Observance of Sunday and Civil Laws for its Enforcement, John Gilmary Shea, LL.D., published in Philadelphia by Hardy and Mahony Publishers and Proprietors.

The Catholic Fortnightly Review, by Arthur Preuss.

Periodicals - Newspapers

The Advent Review and Sabbath Herald, Francis D. Nichol, Editor.

"To the succession of the Caesars came the succession of the pontiffs of Rome", Baldassare Labanca (1829-1913) [English] [Bio], Professor of the history of Christianity at the University of Rome, quoted in The United States in Prophecy, An Evangelistic Sermon, by George E. Vandeman, Advent Review and Sabbath Herald for 1953 - Vol. 130 - No. 06 , pg 15.

The American Sentinel, Pacific Press Publishing Company, New York:

"My brethren, look about you upon the various wrangling sects and denominations. Show me one that claims, or possesses the power to make laws binding on the conscience. There's but one on the face of the earth—the Catholic Church—that has the power to make laws binding upon the conscience, binding before God, binding under pain of hell fire. Take for instance the day we celebrate—Sunday. What right have the Protestant churches to observe that, day? None whatever. You say it is to obey the commandment, 'Remember the Sabbath day to keep it holy.' But Sunday is not the Sabbath according to the Bible and the record of time. Every one knows that Sunday is the first day of the week, while Saturday is the seventh day and the Sabbath, the day consecrated as a day of rest. It is so recognized in all civilized nations. I have repeatedly offered $1000 to any one who will furnish any proof from the Bible that Sunday is the day we are bound to keep, and no one has called for the money. If any person in this town will show me any scripture for it I will, tomorrow evening, publicly acknowledge it and thank him for it. It was the holy Catholic Church that changed the day of rest from Saturday to Sunday, the first day of the week. And it not only compelled all to keep Sunday, but at the Council of Laodicea, A. D. 364, anathematized those who kept the Sabbath arid urged all persons to labor on the seventh day under the penalty of anathema.
"Which church does the whole civilized world obey? Protestants call us every horrible name they can think of—antichrist, the scarlet-colored beast, Babylon, etc., and at the same time profess great reverence for the Bible, and yet by their solemn act of keeping Sunday they acknowledge the power of the Catholic Church. The Bible says, 'Remember the Sabbath day, to keep it holy,' but the Catholic Church says, 'No, keep the first day of the week,' and the whole world bows in obedience." The Industrial American, Harlan, Iowa, December 19, 1889. See here also.

"The Catholic Church changed the day from the last to the first day of the week, because the most memorable of Christ's works were accomplished on Sunday. It is needless for me to enter into any elaborate proof of the matter. They can not prove their point from Scripture; therefore, if sincere, they must acknowledge that they draw their observance of the Sunday from tradition: in this they flatly contradict themselves.

"Yours very sincerely,

"W. A. Reardon."

Jan. 11, 1892.

DEAR FRIEND:—I have repeatedly offered $1,000 to any one who can prove to me from the Bible alone that I am bound to keep Sunday holy. There is no such law in the Bible. It is a law of the holy Catholic Church alone. The Bible says, "Remember that thou keep holy the Sabbath day." The Catholic Church says: "No! By my divine power I abolish the Sabbath day, and command you to keep holy the first day of the week." And, lo! the entire civilized world bows down in reverent obe- dience to the command of the holy Catholic Church. Yours respectfully,

Lock Box 75, Kansas City, Mo.

The Catholic Advocate, Brisbane, Australia, April 18th, 1929. Topic: Signing of the Lateran Treaty. (1019x1587)

Catholic Mirror, Baltimore, Maryland, September, 2, 9, 16, 23, and December 23, 1893. Topic: Sabbath-Sunday.

The Catholic Press, Sydney, Australia, August 25, 1900.

 The Catholic Record
, London, Ontario, Canada.

The Catholic Universe Bulletin, Cleveland, Ohio, August 14, 1942.

The Catholic Virginian, Friday, October 3, 1947, Volume XXII, No. 49.

The Hartford Weekly Call, Friday, February 22, 1884, Volume V, No. 20, Hartford, Lyon County, Kansas, page 1. Microfilm obtained from the Kansas State Historical Society, 6425 S.W. 6th Ave., Topeka, Kansas, 66615-1099, lab #21966.

The Helena Independent, Montana, Tuesday, February 12, 1929. Topic: Signing of the Lateran Treaty - full AP article. (550x1157)

Industrial American, (or Harlan American) December 19, 1889, of Harlan, Iowa. See here also.

Kansas City Catholic, Feb. 9, 1893, article titled Protestants Keeping Sunday Holy, reprinted in full in American Sentinel, June 8, 1893, pgs. 181-182 (5-6).

Nevada State Journal (Reno), Tuesday, February 12, 1929. Topic: Signing of the Lateran Treaty. (326x628)

Our Sunday Visitor, Catholic Publishing Company, Huntington, Indiana.

San Francisco Chronicle, Tuesday, February 12, 1929.

Sentinel, May 21, 1995, Saint Catherine Catholic Church, Algonac, Michigan. Topic: Sabbath-Sunday.

The Times of London, Monday, March 12, 1798, pg. 3. Topic: General Berthier's proclamation of the suppression of the Pope's temporal authority (616x601, 90 kb).

Western Watchman, a Catholic journal devoted to the interests of the Catholic Church in the West, published in St. Louis, Mo.

Winnipeg Free Press, Manitoba, Thursday, October 27, 1949, page 16. Topic: Anglican Archbishop Philip Carrington of Quebec declares "... tradition, not the Bible, had made Sunday the day of worship."

Wisconsin Rapids Daily Tribune, June 7, 1929. Topic: Ratification of Lateran Treaty. (264x1264)

Periodicals - Magazines

The American Catholic Quarterly Review, Vol. VIII, No. 29, January 1883, published in Philadelphia by Hardy and Mahony Publishers and Proprietors.

The American Catholic Quarterly Review, Volume XXXVI (36), edited by James Andrew Corcoran, Patrick John Ryan, Edmond Francis Prendergast, 1911.

Long ages ago, when Rome through the neglect of the Western emperors was left to the mercy of barbarous hordes, Romans turned to one figure for aid and protection and asked him to rule them; and thus in this simple manner, the best title of all to kingly right, commenced the temporal sovereignty of the Popes. And meekly stepping to the throne of Caesar, the Vicar of Christ took up the sceptre to which the emperors and kings of Europe were to bow in reverence through so many ages, from sentiments of respect for the dignity of his office and because he was the only mediator whom they recognized in their almost interminable wars.

The Catholic World, Vol. LVIII (58), Oct., 1893 to Mar., 1894.

THE BULWARK, A Monthly Journal on behalf of Reformation Principles, No. X, 72nd Year, 5th Series, October 1922.

Evangelical Christendom, Vol. 49, January 1, 1895, the organ of the Evangelical Alliance, published in London by J. S. Phillips.

This Rock, a Catholic magazine of apologetics and evangelization, June 1997 edition, page 8 online.

Regarding this quote:

"Sunday is an institution of the Roman Catholic Church, and those who observe the day observe a commandment of the Catholic Church." (Source: Priest Brady, Elizabeth, New Jersey, News, March 18th, 1903.)

The following presents a more extensive quote:

The News, March 18, 1903, of Elizabeth, New Jersey, prints a sermon delivered by "Father" James H. Brady, Curate of St. Mary's Church of Elizabeth, from which we quote the following:

   "Right here it is necessary to remind you that the day which you observe as Catholic Christians, and in fact which all others who claim to be Christians do observe, is not the same day which is spoken of in the commandment. If you look to the Bible as an authority for the observance of the day you will not find it. It is well to remind the Presbyterians, Methodists, Baptists, and all other Christians outside the pale of the mother church, that the Bible, the only authority which they recognise in matters of religion, does not support them anywhere in the observance of the Christian day, namely Sunday. The Seventh-day Baptists, and Seventh-day Adventists are the only ones who properly apply the term Sabbath, because they also observe the seventh day and not the first day of the week as the day of rest."
   "The Christian Sunday is an institution of the Roman Catholic Church, and those who observe the day observe a commandment of the Catholic Church, and thus indirectly acknowledge the authority of that church to legislate in the name of God in all religious matters and her superiority over the Bible."

Source: The Sabbath Recorder, Vol. 72, 1913, pg. 359. and The Signs Of The Times, Vol. 27, No. 38, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia, Sept 16, 1912, page 596.

St Mary of the Assumption, 155 Washington Avenue, Elizabeth, NJ, 07202.
Rev. James H. Brady, Netcong borough, New Jersey, born. Aug. 24, 1856, ordained June 9, 1882, died Sept. 16, 1906, buried St. Francis Cemetery, Pawtucket, Sections 1-2.

Letters - Miscellaneous

The following quote in The Bible Echo, June 24, 1901, pg. 408 (8) has been corrected from H. F. Thomas to C. F. Thomas:

On October 28, 1895, a Mr. J. F. Snyder wrote to Cardinal Gibbons, the highest Catholic authority in America, asking if the Church of Rome set forth the change of the Sabbath to the first day of the week as "a mark of her power." The answer he received was signed, C. F. Thomas, Chancellor for the Cardinal," and ran thus:—

Of course the Catholic Church claims that the change was her act. It could not have been otherwise, as none in those days would have dreamed of doing anything in matters spiritual, and ecclesiastical, and religious without her. And the act is a mark of her ecclesiastical power and authority in religious matters.

New York Times, Aug. 24, 1895. On the front page Rev. C. F. Thomas is mentioned as Cardinal Gibbons' secretary, and the Cardinal talks about Sunday as the Sabbath:

Cardinal Gibbons received a royal welcome from the prelates who met him at Quarantine and at the pier. His Eminence looked unusually well. His eyes sparkled with health, and his cheeks were considerably more rounded out than when he left, sixteen weeks ago. The members of his party were his secretary the Rev. C. F. Thomas, Archbishop Riordan of San Francisco and his secretary, the Rev. D. D. Crowley; Bishop Foley of Detroit, and Bishop Hogan of Kansas. With his usual graciousness, he talked willingly of his trip.
Speaking of the progress of the Church in Germany, the Cardinal said:
"I was much impressed by its progress there. I like the spirit expressed, and can say that in Bavaria and in Holland, the Sabbath was kept more sacredly than in other countries I visited. I might add that in other countries in Europe, I was much distressed by the almost total absence of a proper appreciation of the sanctity of the Sabbath. Men and women worked in the fields, artisans and carpenters worked at their trades, and storekeepers sold their wares. It grieved me. I hope there will be a change soon.
"By the way," asked the Cardinal , "Is there anything new in New-York?"
"They are actually enforcing the excise law," said a member of the Reception Committee.
"I am glad of it," said the Cardinal. "Every law should be enforced, and of all laws, the excise law should receive the attention of the authorities."
"Saloons should be closed on Sunday. First, because it is in the interest of Christianity; second, because it is good for the law, and third, because it is good for the people. The poor man certainly profits most by the enforcement of the law on this subject. God made the Sabbath."
"Six days thou shall work, and, on the seventh worship Him and rest. It is impossible to obey this commandment and patronize saloons or indulge in drink on the Sabbath."

Hoffmann's Catholic Directory, Almanac and Clergy List, Volume 12 No. 1, 1897, pg. 6.

Rev. C. F. Thomas is listed under the Archdiocese of Baltimore twice, as judge for Curia for Matrimonial Causes, and Rector for the Baltimore Cathedral. Also note that Rev. Wm. A. Reardon was chancellor, Rev. W. A. Fletcher S.T.L. and Rev. W. T. Russell were secretaries to Cardinal Gibbons. Due to illegible signatures on letters, Reardon was apparently misread and published as Rewday and Russell as Russut.

The Sacred Heart Review, Volume 23, Number 17, 28 April 1900, pg. 264, 2nd column. PDF (5.67 MB)

The Rev. C. F. Thomas of the cathedral in Baltimore has been made pastor of St. Ann's Church, York Road, Baltimore, in place of the late Rev. W. E. Bartlett.

The Catholic Church in the United States of America: Undertaken to Celebrate the Golden Jubilee of His Holiness, Pope Pius X, Volume 3, Catholic editing Company, 1914, pg. 61.

St. Ann's, at first a small suburban parish, possesses (1914) a Catholic population of 5000. There are 500 children in the parochial school, which is in charge of 8 school Sisters of Notre Dame, and 700 in the Sunday-school. The pastor, Rev. C. F. Thomas, J.C.D., LL.D., was born in St. Peter's parish in Baltimore, May 12, 1858. After serving as assistant in Washington and Baltimore, he became pastor of the Sacred Heart parish. Mount Washington, Md., then chancellor of the archdiocese and rector of the cathedral. On April 10, 1900, he succeeded Father Bartlett at the latter's death, and has since his appointment enlarged the rectory and school.

Doctor of Canon Law (Latin: Juris Canonici Doctor; J.C.D.)
Legum Doctor (LL.D.; Doctor of Laws in English)

Letter dated Sep 26, 1899 by Father Enright. Topic: Sabbath/Sunday
Letter dated Oct, 1902 by Father Enright. Topic: Sabbath/Sunday
Letter dated 1909 by Father Enright (882 x1203, 220 kb) (Text).&). Topic: Sabbath/Sunday

See Fr. T. Enright.

Letter by Balthazer Hoffmann dated 1908, (257 kb) Topic: Vicarius Filii Dei seen on papal tiara.
Hoffmann's (Balthasar) entry in
The Presbyterian Ministerial Directory of 1898 (71 kb).
Photostat of Hoffmann's Vatican passport.

Letter from Cardinal Gibbons' secretary, Albert Smith, dated Feb. 10, 1920: "Be sure of it, your Seventh Day Adventist friends are telling you the truth, when they say that it was the Catholic Church which changed the day of worship from the Jewish Sabbath to the Christian Sunday. If protestants would follow the Bible, they should worship God on the Sabbath day. In keeping the Sunday they are following a law of the Catholic Church. During the first three centuries practice and tradition had consecrated the Sunday to the worship of God. In the year 300, the Council of Elvira[*] made the law a definite one." *[Canon 21. If anyone who lives in the city does not attend church services for three Sundays, let that person be expelled for a brief time in order to make the reproach public.]

The New York Catechism

Frequently quoted on the web, and cited by Loraine Boettner on page 127 of his 1962 book Roman Catholicism. Also claimed to have been quoted in an unspecified edition of the periodical The Prairie Overcomer, published by the Prairie Bible Institute, Three Hills, Alberta Canada. It seems likely that nobody who quotes it actually has this book, as the author, publisher, date of publication, and page numbers for quotes are never provided.

Here is Boettner's quote:

"The Pope takes the place of Jesus Christ on earth. By divine right, the Pope has supreme and full power in faith and morals over each and every pastor and his flock. He is the true Vicar of Christ, the Head of the entire Church, the father and teacher of all Christians. He is the infallible ruler, the founder of dogmas, the author of and the judge of councils, the universal ruler of truth, the arbiter of the world, the supreme judge of heaven and earth, the judge of all, being judged by no one, God Himself on earth."

Phrases in the quote can be found elsewhere used by Catholics regarding the Pope: "The Pope takes the place of Jesus Christ on earth. By divine right, the Pope has supreme and full power in faith and morals over each and every Pastor and his flock. He is the true Vicar of Christ, the Head of the entire Church, the father and teacher of all Christians. He is the infallible ruler, the founder of dogmas, the author of and the judge of councils, the universal ruler of truth, the arbiter of the world, the supreme judge of heaven and earth, the judge of all, being judged by no one, God Himself on earth."

See also this page. A "New York" Catechism was advertised in Catholic publications: Catholic World, April - Sept, 1879, Advertisements for the New York or Small Catechism.

, 1883, Advertisement for The Small New York Catechism. The Catechism; or, A Short Abridgment of the Christian Doctrine. Newly Revised. For the Use of the Catholic Church In the United States. To which is added a Prayer before and after Catechism.Another possibility is: The Newark Catechism. A Simple, Orderly, and Comprehensive Catechism of the Catholic Religion. Approved by the Right Rev. M. A. Corrigan, D.D., Bishop of Newark. American News Company, New York, 1879.

If anyone can provide information about The New York Catechism, or knows where I can get a copy, please contact me.

Online Resources Libraries with online digital archives of scanned books.

Volume I Aachen — Assize of Clarendon
Volume II Assizes of Jerusalem — Brownrigg, Abraham
Volume III Brownson, Orestes Augustus — Clancy, John
Volume IV Clandestinity — Diocesan Chancery
Volume V Diocese — Fathers of the Christian Doctrine
Volume VI Fathers of the Church — Gregory XI
Volume VII Gregory XII — Infallibility
Volume VIII Infamy — Lapparent, Albert Auguste de
Volume IX Laprade, Victor de — Mass, Liturgy of the
Volume X Mass, Music of the — Newman, John Henry
Volume XI New Mexico — Philip, Saint, Apostle
Volume XII Philip II, King of France — Revalidation
Volume XIII Revelation — Simon Stock, Saint
Volume XIV Simony — Tournély, Honoré
Volume XV Tournon, Charles-Thomas Maillard de — Zwirner, Ernst Friedrich; Errata
Volume XVI Updates & Omissions; Index; Courses of Reading
Volume XVII Supplementary Volume I and Year-Book
Canon Law Revisions

Tomus Primus, Full view (original from Universidad Complutense de Madrid)
Tomus Secundus, Full view (original from Universidad Complutense de Madrid)
Tomus Tertius, Full view (original from Universidad Complutense de Madrid
Tomas Quartus, Full view (original from Universidad Complutense de Madrid)

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